朗阁首页 > 托福培训 > 老托福阅读题型示范

老托福阅读题型示范

Lily老师从业5年 已帮助 300名学员实现留学梦

  朗阁小编为大家带来老托福阅读真题及答案,想体会新老托福差别的同学可以试做下面的题目,体会题型和难度的变化。

  Researchers in the field of psychology have found that one of the best ways to make an important decision, such as choosing a university to attend or a business to invest in, involves the utilization of a decision worksheet. Psychologists who study optimization compare the actual decisions made by people to theoretical ideal decisions to see how similar they are. Proponents of the worksheet procedure believe that it will yield optimal, that is, the best decisions.Although there are several variations on the exact format that worksheets can take, they are all similar in their essential aspects. Worksheets require defining the problem in a clear and concise way and then listing all possible solutions to the problem. Next, the pertinent considerations that will be affected by each decision are listed, and the relative importance of each consideration or consequence is determined. Each consideration is assigned a numerical value to reflect its relative importance.A decision is mathematically calculated by adding these values together. The alternative with the highest number of points emerges as the best decision。

老托福阅读题型示范

  Since most important problems are multifaceted, there are several alternatives to choose from, each with unique advantages and disadvantages. One of the benefits of a pencil and paper decision-making procedure is that it permits people to deal with more variables than their minds can generally comprehend and remember. On the average, people can keep about seven ideas in their minds at once.A worksheet can be especially useful when the decision involves a large number of variables with complex relationships.A realistic example for many college students is the question "What will I do after graduation?" A graduate might seek a position that offers specialized training, pursue an advanced degree, or travel abroad for a year。 A decision-making worksheet begins with a succinct statement of the problem that will also help to narrow it. It is important to be clear about the distinction between long-range and immediate goals because long-range goals often involve a different decision than short-range ones. Focusing on longrange goals, a graduating student might revise the question above to "What will I do after graduation that will lead to successful career?"

  1. What does the passage mainly discuss? (A) A tool to assist in making complex decisions。 (B) A comparison of actual decisions and ideal decisions (C) Research on how people make decisions (D) Differences between long-range and short-range decision making 2. The word "essential" in line 7 is closest in meaning to

  2. The word "essential" in line 7 is closest in meaning to (A) introductory (B) changeable

  (C) beneficial (D) fundamental

  3. The word "pertinent" in line 9 is closest in meaning to (A) relevant (B) preceding (C) insightful (D) responsive

  4. Of the following steps, which occurs before the others in making a decision worksheet? (A) Listing the consequences of each solution (B) Calculating a numerical summary of each solution (C) Deciding which consequences are most important (D) Writing down all possible solutions

  5.According to decision-worksheet theory, an optimal decision is defined as one that (A) has the fewest variables to consider (B) uses the most decision worksheets (C) has the most points assigned to it (D) is agreed to by the greatest number of people

  6. The author develops the discussion in paragraph 1 by means of (A) describing a process (B) classifying types of worksheets (C) providing historical background (D) explaining a theory

  7. The author states that "On the average, people can keep about seven ideas in their minds at once (lines 17-18) to explain that (A) most decisions involve seven steps (B) human mental capacity has limitations (C) some people have difficulty making minor as well as major decisions (D) people can learn to keep more than seven ideas in their minds with practice

  8. The word "succinct "in line 24 is closest in meaning to

  (A) creative (B) satisfactory (C) personal (D) concise

  9. Which of the following terms is defined in the passage ? (A) Proponents (line 5) (B) Optimal (line 5) (C) Variables (line 17) (D) Long-range goals (line 25)

  10. The word "it" in line 24 refers to (A) worksheet (B) problem (C) distinction (D) decision

  11. The word "revise" in line 26 is closest in meaning to (A) ask (B) explain (C) change (D) predict

  正确答案:ADADC ABDBB C

  更多老托福阅读题目请戳朗阁官网查看,更多托福阅读技巧,题型解析,或者大家可以来朗阁咨询老师相关课程。


分享到:

精品课程更多

新托福预备90分铂金晚间班

课程特色:能对抽象事物进行思考,能用英语接触热点话题,能运用一定数量的从句
适合人群:高中

新托福预备90分VIP晚间班

课程特色:能对抽象事物进行思考,能用英语接触热点话题,能运用一定数量的从句
适合人群:高中

新托福预备90分晚间班

课程特色:能对抽象事物进行思考,能用英语接触热点话题,能运用一定数量的从句
适合人群:高中

新托福预备90分铂金周末班

课程特色:能对抽象事物进行思考,能用英语接触热点话题,能运用一定数量的从句
适合人群:高中

相关推荐更多

  • 托福雅思

    现在选择出国留学的考生越来越多了,托福雅思考试也成了考生会接触到的考试,那么这时候,问题就来了,有的考生就会好奇,这两门考试哪个更容易呢?一起来看看本文中的分析吧。

  • 托福与雅思的区别

    托福与雅思的区别,托福考试和雅思考试都是出国留学会接触到的考试,时常会被人拿来比较,那么它们俩的区别在哪里呢?一起跟着小编来具体了解一下吧。

  • 托福好还是雅思好

    托福好还是雅思好?托福和雅思考试都是出国留学的第一道语言关考试,有的考生还在纠结哪个考试好,该选择考哪个考试,那么接下来就跟着小编来了解一下托福好还是雅思好吧。

  • 托福/雅思和GRE/GMAT,到底先考哪个更合适?

    在申请美国研究生的过程中,考试对于绝大多数学生而言是必不可少的环节。语言考试通常就是托福、雅思,入学考试有GRE、GMAT、LSAT、MCAT等,具体考哪些,还得根据自身的条件以及目标来确定。那么托福/雅思和GRE/GMAT,到底先考哪个更合适?

免费领取200元优惠券

沪ICP备 17003234 号 图书经营许可证:第A7651号 版权所有:上海朗阁教育科技股份有限公司 Copyright 2005 LONGRE EDUCATION GROUP All Rights Reserved