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[雅思培训]雅思听力核心技能:同义置换

来源:朗阁教育 2013-07-09 编辑:PMC_ivy 312人看过 10万人已领免费资料    雅思托福0元试学

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同义置换,也叫同义转化,英文为“Paraphrase”, 即平行短语,是活跃在雅思听力各大题型中的核心考点。虽说不少烤鸭一致认为听力部分在雅思考试中是比较容易搞定的,但还是有不少考生抱怨,听力题想得也绝非易事。教学过程中,印象最深的就是有部分基础较好的同学反映,总是把握不住节奏,往往空前或选项中的关键单词听过去了好久才反应过来甚至还没发现。这里有一个简单的原因:同义置换现象没有识别出来。下面,朗阁海外考试研究中心的老师将就同义置换现象给广大考生具体举例分析。

同义置换也叫同义转化英文为“Paraphrase”, 即平行短语是活跃在雅思听力各大题型中的核心考点虽说不少烤鸭一致认为听力部分在雅思考试中是比较容易搞定的但还是有不少考生抱怨听力题想得也绝非易事教学过程中印象最深的就是有部分基础较好的同学反映总是把握不住节奏往往空前或选项中的关键单词听过去了好久才反应过来甚至还没发现这里有一个简单的原因同义置换现象没有识别出来下面朗阁海外考试研究中心的将就同义置换现象给广大考生具体举例分析

 

一、同义词近义词

最常见的同义置换通常出现在section2,3填空题选择题皆有可能出现

请看以下两个例子

 

1剑四Test2 Section2 Question13:

International students may find stress difficult to handle because

A. they lack support from family and friends

B. they don’t have time to make new friends

C. they find it difficult to socialize

 

听力原文stress anxiety, handle cope with

A: lack without

 

2剑五Test2 Section4 Question31:

More than _____ times as big as the UK.

 

听力原文more than over, as big as the UK the size of the UK

 

3E.g. However, women are more prepared to ______ about them.

 

听力原文more prepared to more willing to

 

由此可见雅思听力题目的同义词置换频度还是比较高的虽然没有直接考查考生的词汇量但能够间接地考察考生对关键词灵活处理的能力以下还有一些高频同义词和近义词朗阁海外考试研究中心的希望考生们能够在此基础上自行总结出真题里的同义置换词切实抓住词的内在含义而非词的形式和表达方式以不变应万变

 

grow increase, expand, rise, improve, soar, climb, extend, rocket

contribute to cause, trigger, lead to, result in, account for, give rise to, etc.

significant crucial, enormous, dramatic, tremendous, remarkable, substantial, etc.

like resemble, alike, identical, twin, similar

depend on rely upon(on), count on, lean on, reckon on, rest on, etc.

large big, considerable, enormous, gigantic, substantial, vast, massive, numerous, tremendous

before prior to, earlier than, ahead of, previously, formerly, used to, etc.

disadvantage drawback, minus, downside, deficiency, problem, flaw, weakness, weak point

 

词性转换

一般情况下词性转换就是形容词动词名词副词之间的相互转换请看以下例子

 

剑四 Test 3

23. In the seminar the work on writing aims to improve

A. confidence

B. speed

C. clarity

 

听力原文techniques to write clearly. Clearly clarityparaphrase.

(副词与名词间替换

 

类似的例子有很多真题里随处可见以下是经常发生同义置换的词:

clear—clarity

wide—width

Europe—European

satisfy—satisfactory/satisfaction

photocopier—photocopying facilities

available—availability

assess—assessment

unemployment—unemployed

anxious—anxiety

 

逻辑和句式转化

此类同义转化经常出现在section3,4试卷上的表达方式和听到的内容差异较大也是广大考生跟不上节奏的重要原因试想如果没有提前读试题这个现象非常普遍),在录音开始时才开始浏览此时考生还要听录音卷面上的用词面目全非那么对于基础一般、反应较慢的考生来说正确率可想而知所以熟悉逻辑转化和句式变化在此就显得尤为重要了请看以下几个例子

 

1听力原文Assertiveness training for pupils who are liable to be victims is worthwhile...

题干For example, potential______ of bullying can be trained to be more self-confident.

 

2题干When investing in stocks and shares, it is suggested that women should put a high proportions of their savings in ______.

听力原文a high proportions of 在此被替换成了70%.

 

3题干At that time, local craftsmen first built an iron forge just behind the village here.

听力原文The metal industry was established at Riverside Village by ______.

注意此句中出现了主被动句的互换也就是说卷面上出现了被动语态考生一定要留心主动语态的出现也就意味着宾语与主语可能位置倒置一定要留心一开头出

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