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雅思阅读四大句式结构之并列结构

来源:网络2019-06-13 雅思托福0元试学

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  雅思阅读四大句式结构之并列结构。雅思阅读时的长难句会让人感觉到难,有一个原因便是句子很长,不能掌握到句子的重点。部分连词连接了很多句子和成分。这些连接词也是有用处的,可以用来进行逻辑推理。


雅思阅读四大句式结构之并列结构


  所以小伙伴们很有必要掌握句式的并列结构,以便更好的阅读文章。下面小编将举例详细介绍并列结构。

  例 1.

  Apprentices were considered part of the family, and masters were responsible not only for teaching their apprentices a trade but also for providing them some education and for supervising their moral behavior.

  难点一:本句是由 and 连接了两个主干 Apprentices were considered part of the family 和 masters were responsible not only for teaching their apprentices a trade but also for providing them some education and for supervising their moral behavior;

  难点二:在第二个主干里,由 not only?but also 和 and 连接了三个 V+ing 作介词 for 的宾语。

  由于这两个半句是由 not only?but also?并列的,因此意思比较接近,看懂任何一个半句里的内容即可。

  例 2.

  Eliminating the secrecy surrounding pay by openly communicating everyone's remuneration, publicising performance bonuses and allocating annual salary increases in a lump sum rather than spreading them out over an entire year are examples of actions that will make rewards more visible and potentially more motivating.

  该句由 and 和 rather than 连接了四个动名词短语 Eliminating the secrecy surrounding pay by openly communicating everyone's remuneration, publicising performance bonuses, allocating annual salary increases in a lump sum 和 spreading them out over an entire year 作本句话的主语,因此主语比较长,造成了理解上的障碍。

  例 3.

  In the mythology of giftedness, it is popularly believed that if people are talented in one area, they must be defective in another, that intellectuals are impractical, that prodigies burn too brightly too soon and burn out, that gifted people are eccentric, that they are physical weaklings, that there's a thin line between genius and madness, that genius runs in families, that the gifted are so clever they don't need special help, that giftedness is the same as having a high IQ, that some races are more intelligent or musical or mathematical than others, that genius goes unrecognised and unrewarded, that adversity makes men wise or that people with gifts have a responsibility to use them.

  该句由 or 连接了十三个名词性从句作主语(it 是形式主语)。


  以上便是关于并列结构的介绍。更多详情,欢迎咨询朗阁在线老师哦。


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