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[雅思机经]2016年9月24日雅思阅读真题回顾

来源:朗阁教育 2016-09-30 编辑:朗阁小编 雅思托福0元试学

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朗阁海外考试研究中心的雅思培训老师为考生带来2016年9月24日的真题回顾、详细解析及备考策略,此为雅思阅读回顾部分。

朗阁海外考试研究中心   赵岩

朗阁海外考试研究中心的雅思培训为考生带来2016年9月24日的真题回顾、详细解析及备考策略,此为雅思阅读回顾部分。

考试日期:

2016924日(完全重复2013418日考题)

 

Reading Passage 1

Title:

Rainwater Harvesting

Question types:

Short answer questions (6)

TRUE / FALSE / NOT GIVEN (8)

文章内容回顾

自然环境,城市建设。某村庄水利工程的一个创新和应用,提到了村庄为何要发展这个工程以及发展过程中获得的利益及未来的发展。

题型难度分析

相对较简单,两种题型均为有序题。解答时可将两种题型搭配在一起解题。

题型技巧分析

简答题解题时应注意答案为文中原词不能更改形式,是非无注意考点的选取及判断,虽为有序题型,较好还是两两交叉解题以避免定位陷阱。首先对于考生的要求是在定位过程中判断是定位正确选择未给出还是因为定位错误而判断为未给出,另外还应注意理解判断题中考点的设置,不要混淆TRUE / FALSE与NOT GIVEN。

剑桥雅思推荐原文练习

剑9 Test 1

 

Reading Passage 2

Title:

Inspired by Mimicking Mother Nature

Question types:

Matching (6)

TRUE / FALSE / NOT GIVEN (8)

文章内容回顾

科学家对于生物界动物的体表特征的研究与运用。

相关英文原文阅读

Five years ago, while he was harvesting mussels on the Pacific coast, Kaichang Li, a wood science and engineering professor at Oregon State University, marveled at how the mollusks were able to cling to shoreline rocks even when they were being pounded by ocean waves. Later, munching on a bowl of tofu, Li started to think about how the small threads the mussel uses to anchor itself contain a protein that functions as a sort of adhesive. He had a revelation: Amino acids could be added to soybeans - a protein-rich, locally abundant crop (not to mention a tasty lunch) - to create a water-resistant, all-natural bonding agent.

 

The discovery prompted the largest manufacturer of hardwood plywood in North America, Columbia Forest Products, to replace formaldehyde, a carcinogen, with soybeans to create an adhesive resin. It was a textbook example of bio-mimicry: imitating nature’s models to solve human problems.

 

Researchers and designers around the globe continue to create new technologies that, by honoring the tenets of life, are both highly efficient and often environmentally friendly. And while bio-mimicry is not a new concept (Leonardo da Vinci looked to nature to design his flying machines, for example, and pharmaceutical companies have long been miming plant organisms in synthetic drugs), there is a greater need for products and manufacturing processes that use a minimum of energy, materials, and toxins. What’s more, due to technological advancements and a newfound spirit of innovation among designers, there are now myriad ways to mimic Mother Nature’s best assets.

 

“We have a perfect storm happening right now,” says Jay Harman, an inventor and CEO of PAX Scientific, which designs fans, mixers, and pumps to achieve maximum efficiency by imitating the natural flow of fluids. “Shapes in nature are extremely simple once you understand them, but to understand what geometries are at play, and to adapt them, is a very complex process. We only just recently have had the computer power and manufacturing capability to produce these types of shapes.”

 

Harman is tinkering with a number of bio-inspired products: an impeller that reduces the need for certain chemicals now used in municipal water reservoirs; medical devices that can pump blood more rapidly without destroying blood cells; and near-silent air conditioners that are 25 percent more efficient than the average window unit. His company is also working with the largest manufacturer of residential ventilation products, Broan-NuTone, to devise quiet, energy-efficient kitchen and bathroom fans.

 

“If we could capture nature’s efficiencies across the board, we could decrease dependency on fuel by at least 50 percent,” Harman says. “What we’re finding already with the tools and methodology we have right now is that we can reduce energy consumption by between 30 and 40 percent.”

 

Despite these potential energy savings, Harman says, he’s long faced stubbornness among industry engineers, who believed efficiency was synonymous with the sort of cookie-cutter design and manufacturing that’s been around since the industrial revolution. It’s only recently that mainstream companies have begun to equate bio-mimicry with the bottom line. DaimlerChrysler, for example, introduced a prototype car modeled on a coral reef fish. Despite its boxy, cube-shaped body, which defies a long-held aerodynamic standard in automotive design (the raindrop shape), the streamlined boxfish proved to be aerodynamically ideal and the unique construction of its skin—numerous hexagonal, bony plates—a perfect recipe for designing a car of

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