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[托福培训]托福听力:图书馆场景对话解析

来源:朗阁教育 2014-03-26 编辑:pmc_vicky 雅思托福0元试学

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关于托福听力,对经常考到的场景类的对话进行复习,可以有效的*高考生们的听力能力及解题速度,接下来由朗阁托福培训教师根据图书馆场景对话展开论述,帮助大家了解托福听力中图书馆场景的常见考点。

  关于托福听力,对经常考到的场景类的对话进行复习,可以有效的*高考生们的听力能力及解题速度,接下来由朗阁托福培训教师根据图书馆场景对话展开论述,帮助大家了解托福听力中图书馆场景的常见考点。

  一、图书馆各部门名称

  TPO 7 Conversation 2的内容为一个学生前来了解学校图书馆的各部门名称与位置,其中*及的各种名称都是大家在备考过程中必须掌握的,包括collection of rare books, photo copier room, history section, internet section, front desk等等。除此之外,大家也需要掌握以下同类词汇audio-video center视听中心,database数据库,copy room复印室。

  二、图书馆相关政策与服务

  在托福听力的图书馆场景中,图书馆的相关政策是比较严谨和严厉的,同时服务也是相当人性化的。同学们可以注意记住其中的一些的细节,在以后的留学生活中充分利用图书馆的资源和服务,更好地避免违反一些相关政策。下面朗阁就带大家看看有哪些政策和服务:

  政策:

  、被召回的书会有还书期限,不在还书期内还过去,会受到不允许借书等的惩罚。如TPO 9 Conversation 2

  S: No, I left it in my dorm room. These are books I need to check out today. Is it OK if I bring that one by in a couple of days?

  L: Actually, you need to return it today. That is if you want to check out those books today. That''s our policy.

  S: Oh, I didn''t know that.

  L: Yeah, not a lot of people realize that. In fact, every semester we get a few students who have their borrowing privileges suspended completely because they haven''t returned books. They''re allowed to use books only in the library. They''re not allowed to check anything out because of unreturned books.

  分析:此处有考题出现:

  Q. What is the woman trying to explain when she mentions students who have lost their borrowing privileges?

  mWhy the man should not photocopy part of the book

  mThe reasons for one of the library’s policies

  mWhat will happen if the man does not return the book

  mThe reason the man has to fill out a form

  根据此项政策,答案为第三项。

  第二、一个班的学生需要用同一本参考书目来写论文,可以要求教授向图书馆预约对应学生数量的copies。如TPO 14 Conversation 1

  Librarian: Well, it’s still here in the library. So people must be using it. You know this seems to be a very popular book tonight. We show six copies. None are checked out. And, yet you didn’t even find one copy on the shelves. Is it a big class?

  Student: Maybe about Seventy Five?

  Librarian: Well, you should ask your professor to put some of the copies on reserve. You know about the ‘Reserve system’, right?

  服务:

  首先,图书管理员会根据你的专业判断你的阅读需求。如TPO 7 Conversation 2

  L: Sure. I will be glad to. What''s your major area of study?

  S: Latin American Literature.

  L: OK. Well, over here''s the section where we have language, literature and the arts. And if you go down stairs you will find history section. Generally, the students who concentrate in Latin American literature find themselves research in the history section a lot.

  分析:在得知学生是学拉丁美洲文学之后,图书管理员立刻向其介绍这位同学有可能用到的section。此处也有考题出现:

  Q. Why does the librarian point out the history section to the student?

  mShe wants to point out the closest area containing copy machines

  mShe assumes that he will need to do research there

  mThe student is looking for a book he used at his last school

  mStudents sometimes mistakenly assume that the section contains literature books

  根据对话内容答案为第二个选项。

  更令人满意的是,学生*出的学术问题,只要图书管理员帮得上忙,他会尽量帮助。比如在TPO 4 Conversation 1中学生需要研究一部play的影评,恰巧图书管理员在这部play刚开始表演的时候看过,所以主动为学生*供了许多有用的信息,学生*后表示完成教授的任务不再纠结了。

  图书管理员会在能力范围以内为学生*供帮助。如TPO 9 Conversation 2中学生正在使用中的书被召回,觉得很困惑不能理解,这时候图书管理员主动*出可以帮助学生复印他需要用的那部分。

  *为人性化的一点是图书馆可以*供interlibrary loan service馆际服务。也就是说如果学生需要借一本此图书馆没有而其他图书馆有的书刊,那么图书馆可以代为从其他图书馆运过来这本书,非常人性化。请看TPO 7 Conversation 2听力原文:

  L: Our loan period is a month. Oh I should also mention that we have an inter-library loan service. If you need to get to hold a book that’s not in our library, there is a truck that runs between our library and a few public and university libraries in this area. It comes around three times a week.

  S: Hey, that''s great! At my last school, it’d take a really long time to get the materials I needed. So when I had a project, I had to make a plan away in advance. This sounds much faster.

  分析:对应的听力题目:

  Q. What does the student imply about the interlibrary loan service at his last school?

  mHe never used it

  mHe came to appreciate it

  mIt was inconvenient

  mIt was expensive

  根据听力内容此题答案为第三个选项。

  尽管此处学生*到他的上一所学校这个服务的速度有些慢,不方便使用,但是至少可以*国外学校的图书馆都是*供此类服务的。大家以后需要的话,可以好好利用这项服务。
 

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