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[雅思培训]雅思写作议论文社会问题考题分类详解

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A类雅思议论文写作按照不同话题分类,比较常见的有十大类考题,分别包括教育类、科技类、媒体类、社会类、全球化类等常见话题。而历年40多道考题场次虽然没有太大的波动,但是每年的重点考题分类却有比较明显的差异。

 

一、分类简介

 

        A类雅思议论文写作按照不同话题分类,比较常见的有十大类考题,分别包括教育类科技类媒体类社会类全球化类等常见话题。而历年40多道考题场次虽然没有太大的波动,但是每年的重点考题分类却有比较明显的差异。

 

         雅思写作考题中,有一类比较容易被忽视但其实十分重要的话题就是有关社会常见问题,如老龄化现象交通拥堵环境问题住房短缺男女平等文盲贫富差距以及城乡差距等;之所以容易被忽略是因为大多数考生想当然的心态;觉得这种身边的事情又怎会无言以对可事实是,对于这个话题除了一些老生常谈的理由和论据之外,不少学生就想不到其他更有特色的;或者说,即便利用已有的普遍的理由,却并不能表达出考官所期待的精彩词汇语句;所以说这个话题的准备是绝不可小觑的。

 

二、细节详解

1.     老人及老龄化现象

 

         从雅思开始至今,似乎一直没有缺少对老年人ageing populationthe oldthe agedsenior citizen的关心;各种关于老年人的考题比比皆是,其中以人口老龄化现象最为代表,要求考生阐述持续攀升的老龄化现象的原因以及对社会和个人造成的影响。也会结合社会时事的考题,如现代手机的普遍使用并未在老年人群中常见,该如何作为;也有关于退休时间以及养老方式等的选择。正因为如此,考生更要好好准备相关考题,因为这个话题中的考题是可以事先轻松预备好的,而且出题的方式也几乎可以确定了。

 

1)关于人口老龄化现象population ageing, 首先要熟悉一个数据:By 2025 in developed countries the share of the population over 60 will be 26 per cent用作开头背景也是不错的选择;当然要时刻牢记同义替换的问题,所以文中也可以提及longevity长寿这个单词来说明现在的lifespan在拉长;至于老龄化现象出现的原因必然会考虑到医疗技术的进步advance of medical care而对于造成的影响是多方面的,包括对社会以及对家庭的影响have an impact on both society and family, 可以考虑增加政府财政负担public finances, 阻碍经济发展hinder economic growth, 以及生活质量的下降general living standards

 

2)此外,关于养老的问题也随着老龄化现象被提上了议程。雅思曾经考过一道关于是否该由自己为退休后的养老存钱save money for their own care after they retire还是要依靠政府或子女rely on the government因为对于老年人来说,退休后他们没有经济收入have no access to any source of income, 而另一方面医疗等方面的开支却又会是十分巨大their expense would culminate into quite a formidable figure, 所以说政府和子女就必须要扮演好照顾的角色。对于子女而言,孝敬老人是他们应该履行的义务和责任they are expected to share the burden as a means of paying their due filial piety. 对于政府而言,毕竟老年人退休前为社会做出过巨大贡献make immense contribution to society before retiring, 因此政府在他们退休后承担起照顾的责任也是合情合理it is quite reasonable

 

Ø 推荐练习真题:

1) In modern society, it has been observed in some countries that there is a lack of sufficient respect to the old. Discuss the reasons why this has occurred and the effects it might have on our society.

2) Some people think that people should save up for their life after retirement. To what extent do you agree or disagree and why?

3) In many countries, the proportion of older people is steadily increasing. Does this trend have more positive or negative effects on society?

 

2.     农村与城市

 

         伊索寓言Aesop''s famous stories中有个小故事a simple tale反应的就是城乡差距介绍两只分别居住在城市与农村的老鼠。其实自古以来城乡差距就是任何一个社会共通的问题,城市的繁华prosperity发达superior对比农村的落后静寂quiet;城市先进的医疗、教育水平advanced却怎么也惠及不到农村的男女老少;当然,与此同时,农村的清新空气与世无争也是再繁华的城市所无法追求的梦想dreams that will never come true

1讨论到城市的好处与优势时,便利性convenience与灵活性flexibility是逃脱不了的people there are surrounded by the speed and convenience of urban life各种四通发达的交通工具transportation tools能带你轻松去向任何角落,包括有public bus, taxi, even subway当然大城市的生活除了交通出行之外,购物与娱乐也是十分方便的,因为有各种购物场所venues like shopping centers, shopping malls and so on with its numerous shops, multi-screen cinemas, fast food outlets and entertainment complexes

2而对于农村的生活,也许首先能想到的是它的劣势disadvantages比如说poor transport, a lack of access to hospitals and education, and a scarcity of services such as banks and entertainment但是,现代社会上的农村其实也有了长远的进步,不止生活质量提高了,各种设施如exercise equipment也变得common了。Also, the internet and other mass media have linked country areas to the world, providing access to information even to remote areas;不仅如此,还掌握着城市人最为羡慕的清洁环境和慢节奏blue sky and slower pace.

Ø 推荐练习真题:

1) Modern cities have good condition about education and medical affairs. It is suggested that all new teachers and doctors be sent to rural areas to improve the situation there. Some people think it is unfair. What is your opinion?

2) There is a gap of living in cities and countryside. What are the reasons in your country and how can reduce the diffe

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