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[雅思培训]三步轻松解决雅思阅读判断题

来源:朗阁教育 2013-10-28 编辑:PMC_ivy 雅思托福0元试学

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是非无判断题作为雅思阅读主流题型是很多考生深感困惑的一种题型。究其原因,主要在于中西文化在思维方式上的差异。*人长期是二元思维方式,即只有“是”和“非”的观念。而西方社会的价值观更加侧重于证据性,即他们追求在思维上的细节对应性。

 一、   题型概述

 

是非无判断题作为雅思阅读主流题型是很多考生深感困惑的一种题型。究其原因,主要在于中西文化在思维方式上的差异。*人长期是二元思维方式,即只有“是”和“非”的观念。而西方社会的价值观更加侧重于证据性,即他们追求在思维上的细节对应性。因此,在解题中需要考生把思维观念稍做更改,适应雅思考试这种新颖的题型。那么,是非无判断就是雅思中的难题吗?答案当然不是。首先,雅思作为一种针对语言的测试系统,而不是考查大家的IQ, 因此,判断题不会涉及任何逻辑推理。其次,判断题是一种细节题,因此重点考查大家SCANNING细节定位的能力。*后,是非无判断是三选一的选择题,正确率高达33.3%。

 

二、   解题策略

 

朗阁雅思培训教师通过长期教学得出结论,遵循解题技巧三步走,即可顺利解决是非无判断题。

 

1. 定位方法

想要快速解题,定位准确无疑是考生必须具备的能力。这也是雅思考试直接考查大家SCANNING的能力。KEY WORDS定位原则一般选择数字,专有名词,生僻字,物质名词,比较关系中的主体来定位。在长期的真题中摸索,是非无判断有一定的顺序性。在实际解题中可以结合KEY WORDS和顺序性依次定位。

 

2. 判断原则

TRUE:

1) 同义改写

原文:Rarely do patients watch a doctor write with a pen that isn’t emblazoned with a drug’s name, or see a nurse use a tablet not bearing a pharmaceutical company’s logo.

题目:Evidence of drug promotion is clearly visible in the healthcare environment.

 

2) 归纳总结

原文:‘A better educated and less public has become disillusioned with the experts in general, and increasingly skeptical about science and empirically based knowledge,’ they said. ‘The high standing of professionals, including doctors, has been eroded as a consequence.’

题目:In the past, Australians had a higher opinion of doctors than they do today.

 

FALSE:

1)    直接相反

原文:A species becomes extinct when the last individual dies.

题目:A species is said to be extinct when the last individual exists.

 

2)    原文是多个并列(both, and, or, also),而题目中是必须或者只有(must, only)

原文:Since the Winter Games began, 55 out of 56 gold medals in the men’s Nordic skiing events have been won by competitors from Scandinavia or the former Soviet Union.

题目:Only Scandinavians have won gold medals in the men’s winter Olympics.

 

3)    条件成分

原文:The Internet has often been criticized by the media as a hazardous tool in the hands of young computer users.

题目:The media has often criticized the Internet because it is dangerous.

 

NOT GIVEN:

1) 内容在原文中没有*及

 

2) 题目范围小于原文范围,更具体

原文:Our computer club provides printer.

题目:Our computer club provides color printer.

 

3) 比较级关系不成立

原文:In Sydney, a vast array of ethnic and local restaurants can be found to suit all palates and pockets.

题目:There is now a greater variety of restaurants to choose from in Sydney than in the past.

 

3. 书写规范

雅思阅读考试的客观性体现在题目的一一对应和书写答案的规范性。雅思考试的是非无判断出题形式并不统一,甚至在一次考试的不同文章中也可能并不一致。考生在解题时要注意书写规范。YES/NO/NOT GIVEN or TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN, 书写时要注意大写全拼。

 


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