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【雅思培训】剑桥雅思阅读长难句分析(一)

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剑桥雅思阅读长难句分析系列(一)

      1.    The scent she carried in her samples and on her body was a message to the other bees that this was the one they were looking for.(剑4, General Training Test B section 3

      分析:本句的主句为The scent was a message to the other bees“she carried in her samples and on her body”为定语从句,做The scent的定语,关系词在定语从句中做宾语,因此被省掉;that this was the one they were looking forthat引导的同位语从句,做a message的同位语;they were looking for为定语从句,做the one的定语,关系词在定语从句中做for的宾语,因此被省掉。

 

      2.    Soon he would also discover a number of other remarkable facts about how bees communicate and, in doing so, revolutionize the study of animal behavior generally.(剑4, General Training Test B section 3

      分析:本句的主句为he would also discover a number of other remarkable facts about…and revolutionize the study of animal behavior generallyhow bees communicate”how引导的宾语从句,做介词about的宾语。

 

      3.    There had, of course, been dictionaries in the past, the first of these being a little book of some 120 pages, compiled by a certain Robert Cawdray, published in 1604 under the title A Table Alphabeticall ‘of hard usual English words’.(剑5, Test 1 passage 1

      分析:本句主句There had been dictionaries“the first of these being a little book of some 120 pages, compiled by a certain Robert Cawdray, published in 1604 under the title A Table Alphabeticall ‘of hard usual English words’为独立主格结构,其中compiled by a certain Robert Cawdraypublished in 1604 under the title A Table Alphabeticall ‘of hard usual English words’均为过去分词短语作定语,做a little book的定语。

 

      4.    It is highly appropriate that Dr Samuel Johnson, the very model of an eighteenth-century literary man, as famous in his own time as in ours, should have published his Dictionary at the very beginning of the heyday of the middle class.(剑5, Test 1 passage 1

      分析:本句的主句为It is highly appropriate that… ”, 其中it为形式主语,真正的主语为that引导的主语从句,即that Dr Samuel Johnson, the very model of an eighteenth-century literary man, as famous in his own time as in ours, should have published his Dictionary at the very beginning of the heyday of the middle class”;在主语从句中the very model of an eighteenth-century literary manDr Samuel Johnson的同位语,as famous in his own time as in oursDr Samuel Johnson的定语。

 

      5.    His approach to the problems that had worried writers throughout the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries was intensely practical.(剑5, Test 1 passage 1

      分析:本句的主句为His approach to the problems was intensely practicalthat had worried writers throughout the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries”为定语从句,做the problems的定语,关系词为that

 

      6.    He was to be paid 1,575 in installments, and from this he took money to rent 17 Gough Square, in which he set up his ‘dictionary workshop’.(剑5, Test 1 passage 1

      分析:本句为并列句,“He was to be paid 1,575 in installments”from this he took money to rent 17 Gough Square, in which he set up his ‘dictionary workshop’.并列,由and连接;in which he set up his ‘dictionary workshop’.为定语从句,做17 Gough Square的定语,关系词为which

 

      7.    James Boswell, his biographer, described the garret where Johnson worked as ‘fitted up like a counting house’ with a long desk running down the middle at which the copying clerks would work standing up.(剑5, Test 1 passage 1

      分析:本句主句为James Boswell described the garret as ‘fitted up like a counting house’ with a long desk.“his biographer”James Boswell的同位语;“where Johnson worked”为定语从句,做the garret的定语,关系词为where; “running down the middle为现在分词短语做定语,做a long desk的定语;“at which the copying clerks would work standing up”为定语从句,做<

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