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[雅思培训]雅思口语考试中的描述过程类话题解析

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近期雅思口语考试Part 2中有这样一道题目,Describe what you did last week. 许多学生在看到这一话题时,或者不知所措无话可说,或者说出一大篇流水账来,导致最终考试结果常常不尽如人意。其实,朗阁海外考试研究中心在研究了口语考试的常见话题后发现,有如下一些(或一类)话题都与这类话题非常类似。

近期雅思口语考试Part 2有这样一道题目,Describe what you did last week. 许多学生在看到这一话题时,或者不知所措无话可说,或者说出一大篇流水账来,导致最终考试结果常常不尽如人意。其实,朗阁海外考试研究中心在研究了口语考试的常见话题后发现,有如下一些或一类话题都与这类话题非常类似。举例如下:

 

1. a picnic/a meal outdoors/a special/strange meal;

2. a sport event特别强调描述其过程;

3. a party you threw for your family members or friends;

4. a public event (except sport events);

5. a traditional event;

6. a traditional festival;

7. a walk with a friend;

8. an important conversation(that you had in the past);

 

以上话题与Describe what you did last week话题类似,都涉及描述一段时间中发生的事情的流程。因此可以将这些话题归纳为描述过程类话题,并帮助考生从这个角度备考。

 

在准备描述过程类话题时,朗阁海外考试研究中心建议考生们首先应准备好表示连接关系的词汇,共有三类。首先是直接表示时间的词语,如Monday, On January 2nd等引导时间状语从句的从属连词,这在描述过程类话题时属于必备单词;同时并不困难,考生准备起来很轻松。其次是可以连接上下文的一些词汇,如afterward, first, later, then, soon, until, first(of all), ...... ; and .........; also, .......; at the same time...... Meanwhile......等。同时,考生还可以使用表示因果等关系的词汇连接上下文,如because, so等。善用这些词汇,可使表达更清晰。

 

在具体讨论过程时,朗阁海外考试研究中心建议考生将需提及的事件分类,重点突出某一事件,做到全面覆盖,重点突出。下面以前文提到的Describe what you did last week.话题为例,说明这种类型题目的描述方法。

 

Actually I did a lot of things last week. [直接引出话题]

 

From Monday to Friday, I went to school as usual. Everything was just the same as all the weekdays I had this semester. I had classes, I did homework, and I also attended endless exams. [事件分类,先略谈一周的非重点活动]

 

The weekend was the highlight of the week. [引出重点活动]

 

Unexpectedly I had two days off, which makes me really happy. On Saturday morning I went to kara OK with my classmates. We haven''t been there for a long time so we had great fun there. Actually we sang for like 6 hours until we could barely talk. Then we went to have dinner at a self-service cafeteria in the evening. We had a good meal there. [详细描述重点活动之一,注意连接词的使用]

 

Sunday was exciting too. I decided to visit Hubei Museum on Sunday morning. I haven''t been there for ages because I''ve been busy with my study. I asked my best friend, Jerry, to come with me. We spent the whole morning there and saw many new antiques that I''ve never seen before. After that I took a break for the rest of the day because I still had to go to school the next day. [重点活动之二]

 

(以上描述中,下划线为直接表示时间的单词,黑体字为连接词,斜体字为表示因果关系的词汇。)

 

由以上描述可见,在描述过程类话题中,考生只要能善用以上三类词汇,并做到全面覆盖,重点突出,描述过程类话题即可迎刃而解。

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