Topic 1: Some people say that computer can translate languages, so children need not study foreign languages any more. Please state your position.
结尾段：To sum up, translation machines help us in some way but it doesn’t mean that we can quit studying foreign languages because language study can give us much more than the language itself.
Topic 2: Intelligent machines such as robots are widely applied to take the place of human beings. Please discuss the advantages and disadvantages.
结尾段：In short, robots are subsidiary to human beings. However competent they are in various kinds of field, robots will never take the place of human beings and play a decisive role in our work and life.
Topic 1: Should old man live with young people together, or should they live in the clubs for old men? Please discuss.
结尾段：To sum up, I think the appearance of old-man clubs is a good thing for old people. It provides the old people with a better environment. But old-man clubs are not a paradise definitely, which is a compromise to family intimation.
Topic 2: The development of science and technology benefit our life. However, scientists cannot find effective solutions to the problems they created. To what degree do you agree or disagree with this opinion?
结尾段：In conclusion, confronted with these problems, scientists are seeking prompt and feasible solutions. The development of science and technology bring about both positive and negative effects to us. We must eliminate the positive effects to the least extent.
Topic 1: Traditional arts civilized a nation. Do you think government should subsidize musicians, artists, actors or drama companies? What should a government do?
结尾段：It is high time we took effective measures. Firstly, the government should lay a fund for the research and promotion of traditional arts. Moreover, the research institutes and universities should work out a long-term developing scheme, organizing systematic research on traditional arts. Arts belong to a nation and the whole world as well. The prosperity of traditional arts will diversify the culture of the world.
1. It is only if...that we will…
例句：It is only if all sides of society take their roles fully that we will achieve the society we want.
2. As long as..., …is bound to…
例句：As long as we persist in spreading scientific knowledge among the masses, all the superstitions are bound to go out of our life.