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[雅思培训]李珂:雅思阅读判断题基本原则及考点

来源:朗阁教育 2016-03-17 编辑:朗阁小编 355人看过 10万人已领免费资料    雅思托福0元试学

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朗阁教师教大家最精华的剑桥雅思阅读是非无判断题的各种判断法则。


朗阁海外考试研究中心  李珂

一、雅思阅读判断题的基本判断原则

很多考生会过分依赖参考书上列出的五花八门的雅思阅读是非无判断题的各种判断法则,有口无心地背诵十多种情况,以为这样就能提高是非无判断的正确率。殊不知,最精华的判断依据非常简明,剑桥慷慨地展示给了大家,却被很多考生忽略,所以雅思培训老师教大家不妨花些时间读读题。

 

1. 关于是

TRUE  if the statement agrees with the information

YES   if the statement reflects the opinion of the writer

 

agrees with the information和reflects the opinion of the writer就是对于什么是“是”最好的诠释。

 

A. 当题目中的信息与文章中的信息是同义或近义的表达时,答案为

题目:Feeding increasing populations is possible due primarily to improved irrigation systems.

文章:Food production has kept pace with soaring populations mainly because of the expansion of artificial irrigation systems that make possible the growth of 40% of the world’s food.

 

这是来自7-1-2Question 22,题目和文章中的表达均为同义转换,故答案为”。

 

B. 当文章中的信息可客观推断出题目中的信息时,答案为

题目:More than 320,000 tons of salmon were caught in Alaska in 2000.

文章:During 2000, commercial catches of Pacific salmon in Alaska exceeded 320,000 tonnes, with an ex-vessel value of over $US260 million.

 

这是来自7-4-2Question 18,仔细体会这道题,会发现,文章中的commercialPacific在题目中均未提及,但文章中给出的信息却足以推断出题目中的信息,故答案为”。

 

2. 关于非

FALSE  if the statement contradicts the information

NO     if the statement contradicts the opinion of the writer

 

contradicts the information和contradicts the opinion of the writer就是对于什么是“非”最好的诠释。

 

A. 当题目中的信息与文章中的信息相反时,答案为“非”

题目:Industrial growth is increasing the overall demand for water.

文章:Although population, industrial output and economic productivity have continued to soar in developed nations, the rate at which people withdraw water from aquifers, rivers and lakes has slowed. And in a few parts of the world, demand has actually fallen.

 

这是来自7-1-2Question24,题目与文章信息相反,故答案为”。

 

B. 当题目中的信息与文章中的信息相对立时,答案为

题目:The FAA was created as a result of the introduction of the jet engine.

文章:An accident that occurred in the skies over the Grand Canyon in 1956 resulted in the establishment of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to regulate and oversee the operation of aircraft in the skies over the United States, which were becoming quite congested.

 

这是来自8-1-2Question 20,题目与文章信息并不相反,但信息相互对立,故答案为”。

 

3. 关于无

NOT GIVEN  if there is no information on this

NOT GIVEN  if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this

 

no information on this和impossible to say what the writer thinks about this就是对于什么是“无”最好的诠释。

 

A. 证据不足,无法判断

题目:Turtles were among the first group of animals to migrate back to the sea.

文章:Turtles went back to the sea a very long time ago and, like all vertebrate returnees to the water, they breathe air.

 

这是来自8-1-3Question 31,文章中给到的信息并不足以对题目的信息进行判断,故答案为”。

 

二、雅思阅读判断题考点总结

当考生对于是、非、无判断标准渐渐熟悉之后,在做题的过程中,如果可以更及时准确地发现常见的考点,并不断总结、不断思考和领悟,那么短期内突破是非无判断这种题型并不是难事。朗阁海外考试研究中心的们结合多年的教学经验,密切结合剑桥7-9的真题,将常见的考点及对应该考点的答案进行分类及相应例题整理,希望能够帮助考生们在最短的时间内领悟到剑桥官方出题的思路。

 

1.   比较关系

A. 题目中比较的双方和文章中的双方相同,且比较的结果相同,答案为

8-2-1

Question 13 Computers are better than humans at detecting faults in glass.

 

文章:Inspection technology allows more than 100 million measurements a second to be made across the ribbon, locating flaws the unaided eye would be unable to see.

 

B. 题目中比较的双方和文章中的双方相同,但比较的结果相对立,答案为

7-1-2

Question 21 Water use per person is higher in the industrial world than it was in Ancient Rome.

 

文章:At the height of the Roman Empire, nine major systems, with an innovative layout of pipes and well-built sewers, supplied the occupants of Rome with as much water per person as is provided in many parts of the industrial world today.

 

C. 题目中比较的双方和文章中的双方相同,但比较关系并未在文章中体现,答案为

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