朗阁首页 > 头条资讯 > 考前指南 > 【雅思培训】20分钟轻松搞定雅思小作文(下)

【雅思培训】20分钟轻松搞定雅思小作文(下)

来源:朗阁教育 2012-08-10 编辑:PMC_ivy 雅思托福0元试学

备考资料免费领取

许多考生一直无法顺利地在20分钟内写完小作文,因此拖后了大作文的写作时间,造成交卷时没有写完文章,*终影响考试成绩。朗阁海外考试研究中心写作组的老师在此为大家总结了图表作文的精华知识点,希望考生们能灵活运用,顺利通过考试。

  三、data的具体表达法

data在某一个时间段固定不变:fixed in time

在一系列的时间段中转变:changes over time

持续变化的data在不同情况下

增加:increase / raise / rise / go up ...

减少:decrease / grow down / drop / fall ...

波动:fluctuate / rebound / undulate / wave ...

稳定:remain stable / stabilize / level off ...

 

*常用的两种表达法:

动词 + 副词形式(Verb + Adverb form

形容词 + 名词形式(Adjective + Noun form

 

1. Verb + Adverb form

The number of XXX

+increase/jump/rise/decrease/drop/fall/fluctuate...

+insignificantly/significantly/slightly/suddenly/rapidly/dramatically/sharply/steeply/steadily/gradually/slowly...

+from (时间) to (第二时间) / between (时间) and (第二时间)

 

2. Adjective + Noun form

There was +

a sudden/rapid/dramatic/significant/sharp/steep/steady/gradual/slow/slight

+increase/jump/rise/decrease/drop/fall/fluctuation(注意:上述很多词不可用于修饰fluctuation

+in the number of XXX from (时间) to (第二时间) / between (时间) and (第二时间)

 

描述稳定的data:

The number of XXX remained steady/stable from (时间) to (第二时间) / between (时间) and (第二时间)

The number of XXX stayed the same from (时间) to (第二时间) / between (时间) and (第二时间)

There was little change / hardly any change / no change in the number of XXX from (时间) to (第二时间) / between (时间) and (第二时间)

 

描述不同状态的data:

Noun form:

steady drop / sharp rise peak / dramatic fall / sharp drop

Verbal form:

(to) bottom out / (to) reach the bottom / (to) increase gradually / (to) reach a plateau / (to) remain steady

 

描述the highest point以及the lowest point:

高点极值:

The monthly profit / The figures / The situation ...

+peaked in (月份/) <准确时间点用at XXX> at XXX% / XXX(极点data)

或者reached a peak / a high point at XXX% / XXX(极点data)

低点极值:

XXX bottomed out / reached

+rock / the bottom / a low point

或者hit a trough

 

此外,在描述过程中还有很多的conjunctional words/sentences, 朗阁海外考试研究中心总结出*常用的固定搭配如下:

并列:as well as(句首/), also, as well(句尾), either, neither, too, moreover, furthermore, in addition, additionally, besides, what's more, apart from ...

举例:for example, for instance, to illustrate, as an illustration, in particular, particularly, especially

事实:as a matter of fact, in fact, actually, as long as, so long as ...

雷同/近似:similarly, likewise(句首/), at the same time, equally ...

转折:however, whereas, nevertheless, nonetheless, though, although, even though, while, yet, on the contrary, contrarily, in contrast, conversely, on the other hand, unlikely, in stead (of), in spite of, despite of ...

 

原因与结果

1. cause-suggestion (几乎不常用)

since / now that ...; I hope that...

because of/on account of/owing to/thanks to + (doing) sth, I hope that...

2. cause-effect (较常用)

XXX lead to / bring about / result in/ account for ...

(一个句子), therefore / thus / hence / as a result / consequently / (and) so ...

3. effect-cause (较常用)

XXX be caused by / result from / be the result of / be the effect of / be the consequence of ...

(一个句子), because ...

it is adj. that ...

it is unimaginable that ...

it is undeniable that ...

it is interesting to discover that ...

 

四、其它相关常用词(组)

1. 主章开头

图表类型:table; chart; diagram; graph; column chart; pie graph

描述:show; describe; illustrate; can be seen from; clear; apparent; reveal; represent

内容:figure; statistic; number; percentage; proportion

 

2. 表示数据

一般:have 10%; at 10%; over 10%

*(低)点:peaked; reached a peak / high point

bottomed out; reached the bottom

变化:recover 略有回升;increase;  jump; rise/rose; climb

decrease; fall/fell; drop; decline; reduce

fluctuate 浮动,摇摆不定

remained steady/stable; stay the same; little/hardly any /no change

变化程度:sudden/suddenly 突然的,意外的

rapid/rapidly *的,飞快的,险峻的

dramatic/dramatically 戏剧性的,生动的

significant/significantly 有意义的,重大的,重要的

sharp/sharply 锐利的,明显的,急剧的

steep/steeply 急剧升降的

steady/steadily 稳固的,坚定不移的

gradual/gradually 渐进的,逐渐的

slow/slowly 缓慢的,不活跃的

slight/slightly 轻微的、略微地

stable/stably 稳定的

表示范围:from XXX to XXX; between XXX and XXX; for XXX to XXX多长时间直

分享到:

考试又改革?来这里看考试动态
加我!加我!雅思/托福备考资料免费领

获取验证码

立即获取

稍后有专业老师给你回电,请保持电话畅通
沪ICP备 17003234 号 图书经营许可证:第A7651号 版权所有:上海朗阁教育科技股份有限公司 Copyright 2005 LONGRE EDUCATION GROUP All Rights Reserved