上升的动词：increase, rise, surge, enlarge, swell, soar, enhance, climb, jump, augment, go up
下降的动词：decrease, descend, decline, drop, shrink, diminish, dwindle, taper
形容动词的副词：considerably, sharply, remarkably, dramatically, greatly, drastically, extremely, steadily, substantially, continually, continuously, moderately, respectively, generally, slightly, mainly, strikingly
Stock prices have been extremely volatile They climbed steadily in the 1950’s, reached a peak in 1966, and then fluctuated up and down until 1973, when they fell sharply. Stock prices had recovered substantially by the early 1980s when a major stock market boom again, sending to Dow Jones Industry Average (DJIA) to a peak of 2722 on August 25,1987. After a 17% decline over the next month and a half, the stock market experienced the worst one-day drop in its entire history on “Black Monday”, October 19, 1987, when the DJIA fell by more than 500 points, a 22% decline.
Between 1940 and 1985 the proportion of the elderly people increased remarkably from about 17% in Sweden and 9% in the USA to 13% and 15% respectively.
2. 年代做主语＋saw + increase
The period from 1940 to 1985 saw a generally steady increase in the proportion of …
3. 地点做主语＋experienced +increase
Both the USA and Sweden experienced an alarming/moderately surge/increase in the proportion of…
5. 首段是信息段，不能照抄命题，只能改写命题，概括主要的研究内容，研究对象，时间和地点。如果是两个图，必须分开写，句型常用while...shows…, …illustrate …（剑五P52, 剑四P100, 剑四P54）
（首段）The three lines in the chart each show the changes in the proportion of the elderly people to the population of the USA, Sweden and Japan from 1940 till today. Also the chart gives predicted date for the trends.
（主体段）Since 1940, the proportion in the USA has been slightly higher than that in Sweden at any given time, while that in Japan was always the smallest. Specially, the figures for the three countries in 1940 were 9%, 7%, 5% respectively. The changes in the proportion in the USA and Sweden are featured mainly by steady increase although since 1980 the USA experienced somewhat declines. By contrast Japan did not see increase substantially, sending it to a peak of 5% in 2007, the same as in 1940. According to the prediction since 2000, the upward trends will have been obvious in the three countries, but in Japan will soar at the fastest speed. Till/By 2040 the figure will have reached 27%, compared with 25% in the USA and 23% in Sweden.
In the term of the length of the Underground Railway System (URS), that in London ranks first among the six in that it reaches 394km, almost 36 times longer than that in Kyoto, the shortest. The second longest is in Paris (199km).
Focusing on the open date, we see that once again London URS was strikingly earlier than all other counterparts. Put it accurately, London opened the URS as early as in1863, 37 years earlier than that in Paris. By contrast, the youngest is LA who did not start to run URS until 2001.
To be located in the town centre, S2 is in the town centre, a non-traffic zone. As result, it is only accessible by the railway whereas the main roads are unavailable. Moreover, it is hemmed out the houses, meaning it’s convenient for the dweller s to do some shopping. In addition, it is closer to the south industry but far away from the north.
Unlike S2, S1 will be set in the countryside, where both the railway and main roads are ready. But the 44000 people from Bransdon and Crandson find it not easy to reach S1, although it is connected by the railway with Crandson. Furthermore, this site is far away from the two industry areas. However, it is convenient for those who live in Hindo.
To sum up, the two sites are different in many aspects/ways.
2. 饼状图可变成表格图（表格题中，在对象的旁边标识出上升，下降，或有变化的箭头，之后，将同类上升的写一段，下降的写一段，不稳定的单列一段）；3. 流程示意图及步骤图（使用总分结构，着重对比和过程的描述，关键词firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally, to begin with, and then, further more…）