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【雅思培训】“有的放听”雅思听力*示语解析

来源:朗阁教育 2012-08-16 编辑:PMC_IVY 雅思托福0元试学

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在雅思听力的学习中,烤鸭们遇到的“绊脚石”无外乎节奏的掌控和词汇的拼写,今天朗阁海外考试研究中心的老师将帮助大家解决听力中如何把握节奏的问题。说到节奏,那就不得不说*示语在听力文章中的重要性。

     在雅思听力的学习中,烤鸭们遇到的绊脚石无外乎节奏的掌控和词汇的拼写,今天朗阁海外考试研究中心的将帮助大家解决听力中如何把握节奏的问题。说到节奏,那就不得不说*示语在听力文章中的重要性。在以应试为目的的听力学习过程中强调有的放听这个概念,即带着目标听材料,进行准确定位。我们可以将考试中常见的*示语分为以下几类,并结合剑桥真题6, 7中的例子进行说明,相信烤鸭们经过练习,一定能有如神助,听力不再是梦想!

 

   1. 强调

   其实大多数考生在听力的过程中已经能够做到在遇到重音的时候会对此处信息格外关注,然而有一些同样表示强调关系的短句却容易被忽略。

   Example:

   剑7 TEST 1 SECTION 3 QUESTION 25原题如下:

Janice suggests that managers may find it difficult to

A. form successful groups

B. balance conflicting needs

C. deal with uncooperative workers

   这道题目的题干关键词是difficult这样一个表示褒贬含义的词,听力原文如下:

Janice: Yes, that may be true, but I think one of the most important tasks of managers is to consider the needs of the individual on the one hand and group cooperation on the other.

   其实完全可以根据材料中注明黑体的部分进行定位,答案就会显而易见了。

 

   类似*示语在这个SECTION中还出现了三次,分别是

   QUESTION 27

Janice believes managers should

A. demonstrate good behavior

B. encourage cooperation early on

C. increase financial incentives

   原文如下:What''s important here is that this happens right at the beginning.

 

   QUESTION 30

During periods of change, managers may have to cope with increased amounts of ………..

   原文如下:Yes but what''s important is that managers are able to deal with quite high levels of personal stress.

 

   剑7 TEST 1 SECTION 4 QUESTION 36原题如下:

If you look at a site from a ………, you reduce visitor pressure.

   原文如下:Whenever you do go to a site, don''t forget you can learn many things from observing at a distance instead of walking all over it.

 

   2. “自以为是被否定型

   在听录音的时候,部分同学会为听到一两个与某选项吻合的录音原词而欢呼雀跃,立刻选上该选项。然而事实上,这样的选项才是大家应该擦亮眼睛看好,多半不能选的大陷阱!!!

   Example:

   剑6 TEST 4 SECTION 3 QUESTION 27

How much time is allowed to return recalled books?

   该题近半数学生会写出three months这样的错误答案,听力原文如下:

STUDENT: So theoretically I can borrow books for up to three months- is that what you''re saying?

LIBRARIAN: Yes, provided they are not recalled.

   首先审题时同学们就可能忽略了recalled books这样的关键词,在听到three months时一激动就忽略了后面图书管理员的否定句。

 

   剑7 TEST 2 SECTION 3 QUESTION 21

INTERVIEWER: Why Chrichurch? Was it because of the climate?

DOCTOR: Well actually New Zealand is the second closest country to Antarctica.........

 

   3. 为补充说明进行铺垫

   听了前面一大段还没有进展?没问题,下面这些来帮你:

But you have a number of options to get you there…..

What''s more……

When it comes to……

Now there were two more problems…..

And then some basic rules to guide you ……

Not so much in helping sportspeople to work on their weaker side, but more that........

Let''s consider the following scenario........

Provided you warn the refectory in advance............

 

   4. 发现结论类

   对于在听录音时昏昏欲睡不知所云不明就里进行到哪里的你来说,听到以下内容就请使劲掐自己一下吧!后面跟的可能就是答案!

Researchers examined.......... and find the following that.........

Studies showed that........

Mathtews found that.........

An interesting finding is that .........

The research suggests that...........

And the research concluded that...........

 

   5. 否定转折类

   “但是不一定是坏的,然而有可能是转机!

Unlike the North Pole, which is actually a frozen sea ...........

It''s open to everyone, but students pay annual fee that is much less than generals of public pay.

So instead of coming back here, we will like you all go to lecture room 311

In fact, there are only tickets for Monday and Thursday.

But in fact it''s more often used for cycling........

 

   6. 解释类

   有时候听到大段的念白和不停出现的陌生字眼是不是很崩溃?不要紧,听听后面这些带解释的词语句式,你的生机就出现了。

This means that there are now fewer seats.

The predominant
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