Task 1 考题预测
1）Bar chart （柱状图）
The bar chart below shows the percentage of adults that do not do physical exercise in Australia in 2005.
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
The following bar chart illustrates changes of the proportion of Australian males and females preferring not to do physical activities with different age in 2005. The graph demonstrates that the number of both males and females rose similarly with age.
To be specific, before decreasing to the minimum at 16% of males aged 25-34 from 17% of age 18-24, this figure soared approximately three times to the peak at 43% of those over 75. Compared with changes in the ratio of males of other age group, there was a sharper growth in that during age 44-53 to 32% from age 25-34.
In terms of females who do not do physical exercise, the graph shows a steady increase in their proportion from the bottom at 19% of 18-24 to the top at 25% of over 75 without any diminish. However, the ratio of age 18-53 grew up much more slowly by 8% till age 54-64.
In conclusion, a rising number of adults did not do exercise in Australia in 2005 with age. While the number of males who do not do exercise of 18-24, 24-34, 65-74, and over75 was larger than that of female counterparts, it was smaller of age 44-53 and 54-64. Males and females of 35-43 shared an equal proportion at 25%.
2）Line chart （折线图）
The graphs show the number of yearly visits from France and North America to the UK for holiday and business reasons.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Two line charts illustrate variations of number of visits from France and North America to United Kingdom for business and holiday reasons respectively.
It can be seen from the first chart that the difference between the number of French travelers and that of North Americans for business purpose was comparatively constant and minute, showing a similar trend of ups and downs. From around 0.1 million and roughly 0.2 million respectively in January, figures witnessed a slight fluctuation across the whole year, arriving at the highest point at approximately 0.47 million and about 0.3 million in October.
When it comes to holiday visits, the number of French travelers to United Kingdom steadily increased from 0.4 million in January to 3 million in September. After that time, the figure underwent a sudden decline from 3 million to 0.5 million in December. The figure of North America visits shared an analogous but more moderate pattern, during which time the figure rose from 0.6 million in January to 1.7 million in July before dropping to 0.7 million in December, which is close to the starting point.
Overall, more North American travelers visit United Kingdom than French visitors for both travel and business purposes.
Task 2 考题预测
Some people believe that people who read more books can develop more imagination and language skills than those who prefer to watch TV. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
It is believed that more imagination and language skills can be developed through reading books than watching TV. I personally subscribe to this argument.
To begin with, when people immerse themselves in books, undoubtedly, they can learn a lot of new words and grammar that are crucial parts of language skills. Taking studying English for example, if students read English books a lot, they will come across new vocabularies or phrases as well as acquaint themselves to native expressions in different contexts. Meanwhile, the readers can dig into the marked sentences on their own, of which they do not understand the grammatical structure. The more grammar skills they have, the more accuracy they will gain when using a language. In contrast, though watching TV makes language learning more accessible for individuals nowadays, the conversations presented on the screen are relatively informal, which is not good for learning academic writing. Additionally, it is impossible for viewers to write down incomprehensible words or sentences in time, not to mention deep analysis and intensive study.
In addition, reading books is a process of logical thinking that effectively stimulates imagination. For instance, while reading a novel, readers consider why author said that and then they make some prediction on what will happen next, which is very significant to promote imagination. On the contrary, viewers who watch TV do not have enough time to imagine a lot in that the pictures presented and scenarios developed on screen are quick and continuous. Moreover, the majority of spectators who watch TV are to relax themselves so that they receive the information from TV passively.
To sum up, although TV offers viewers various options of acquiring language skills and improving imagination it still can’t take us away from the advantages what the reading books brings.
As countries develop, more and more people buy and use their own cars. Do you think the advantages of this trend for individuals outweigh its disadvantages for the environment?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
A significant increase has been seen in the popularity of private cars since the advent of automobiles. Although automobiles catering to different users’ requirements enable people a flexible and convenient life, it is true that the severe pollution issue resulted from the automobile industry can never be neglected.
The excessive use of cars is responsible for the rising amount of exhaust fumes emission, generating a series of environmental problems. Due to the incomplete fossil fuel combustion, the exhaust gas contains toxic and harmful substances that do harm to the air. In addition to that, the overuse of petrol from private cars leads to the upward trend in carbon dioxide emission, an important reason for global warming.
Moreover, on no account can people ignore the noise problem from the car alarming. It is conceivable that the continually increasing number of cars leads to not only the congestion in rush hours, but also intolerable noise pollution. As regards to the downtown noise condition in Shanghai, it is said that the index is up to nearly 92 decibel. In this case, the noise is predicted to be harmful to citizens’ health and has negative effect on their routine life and work.
Admittedly, owning a car guarantees people more autonomy and flexibility in travelling. It is probably that the public transport in some remote areas might be unavailable. Using own cars, however, people can drive to their destination conveniently. For one thing, people can deal with the work efficiently regardless of the distance. For another, with the assistance of private cars, people can appreciate the fabulous landscape in isolated areas for holidays.
In conclusion, using a private car brings convenience to people’s daily life in the short term. But in terms of the environmental protection, the disadvantages brought by cars far outweigh the advantages in the long run.
Some people believe famous people's support towards international aid organizations draws the attention to problems, while others think celebrities make the problems less important. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
It has long been noted that many celebrities, ranging from the royal members like princess Diana to Holly-wood movie stars like Audrey Hepburn, are actively involved in international aid activities. However, this celebrity involvement has raised many disputes recently. From my perspective, famous people’s supporting for global aid organization can bring more benefits.
There is no doubt that celebrities like sports stars and singers are high-profile figures who are surrounded by reporters and paparazzi wherever they go. When they participate in charity work or advocate for some aid programs, the news spread immediately. Therefore, more people will get to know these aid organizations. Besides, when celebrities make a donation or appeal to help the needy, they set a good example for the public, especially for their fans who are keen to follow their idols’ action to help others by fundraising and other contributions. Take Angelina Jolie as an illustration. She has long been involved in humanitarian work, visiting refugee camps around the world and devoting her life to helping poor children. Her actions have successfully helped to highlight the aid organization and relevant problems.
However, those opponents indicate that it is the famous people’s involvement rather than the actual aid organization that more media attention may be given to. This can draw attention away from the real problem itself. Besides, the public may form recognition that since so many celebrities have already got involved and given substantial donations, they have no need to take a real action. What’s worse, some superstars only want to increase their fame by taking part in aid campaigns instead of conveying the intended message of organizations. Without passion, these pop stars are unlikely to take any follow-up or long-term actions. Therefore, the public will soon feel that it is just another show arranged for these pop stars, and may even develop a negative feeling towards it.
In conclusion, although there may be some negative effects, I still strongly believe that famous people’s supporting for charity activities can lead to a far-reaching influence. If they can show their genuine concern and take positive actions, they can contribute to the world charity work considerably.