Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
There was a slight drop in the number of a; although the number of b started at a lower level, it grew gradually and surpassed that of a in the year of …. From this year onwards, ….
Compared with the growth of a, that of b was more considerable.
The growth in … is the most evident.
A similar pattern was depicted in the number of a and b, each rising from … to … and … to … respectively
剑桥真题9, Test 4
剑桥真题7, Test 2
Young people living in rural areas have to study or work in big cities away from their homes.
What are the reasons?
Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?
Attracted by abundant education resources and job opportunities in urban areas, many youngsters in rural areas have to study or work in big cities away from their hometowns. Many people doubt whether the advantages of the trend outweigh its disadvantages.
For one hand, tertiary education has been valued above almost any other factors when it comes to personal development. It is clear that famed schools and top universities are generally located within the city scale because of the abundant resources. Therefore, they undoubtedly attract students around gathering for further academic achievements even though many young people would afford an even higher cost. For another, abundant job opportunities from urban areas and the lack of vacancies in rural places force young labor moving around for survival and a better living standard. On the one hand, booming businesses in the built-up regions generate an increasing number of positions with relatively higher salary packages for job seekers. On the other hand, traditional agricultural methods are being eliminated by modern machines for efficiency and effectiveness. Jobs in the countryside tend to be less created. Furthermore, such revolution jeopardizes people’s incomes of those regions, as machines are growing both user-friendly and economical.
Admittedly, studying and working experience in cities makes it available for them to have access to advanced knowledge which definitely broadens their horizons. Furthermore, such knowledge and experience enhance their competence in job-seeking. However, too much youngsters bumping into cities is not welcome for bringing about a lot of problems. It is so tough to witness the traffic congestion citizens are confronted with, not to mention the over-flooding with soaring populations; the scarcity of education resources and highly-competitive job-seeking situation will not be strange as well.
Considering from the perspective of the society, I tend to believe that the benefits of such trend are outweighed by the problems it has triggered.
reputable schools and top universities,
the scarcity of education resources,
The movement of people from agricultural areas to cities to work can cause serious problems in both places.
What are the serious problems and what measures can be taken to solve this problem?