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2014.8.9雅思考试阅读考题回顾

来源:朗阁教育 2014-08-26 编辑:雅思培训小编 8241人看过 10万人已领免费资料    雅思托福0元试学

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本次阅读考试文章难度中等。Heading题回归,判断题题量大,单选和配对的题量正常,填空覆盖了summary和sentence completion, 未出现段落信息配对。文章话题难度不大,对于基础扎实的考生来说不算难。建议各位考生在备考期间注重对于主流题型做题技巧的积累和练习,并保持一定的精读和泛读量。

 

朗阁海外考试研究中心 李珂

 

考试日期:

201489

 

Reading Passage 1

Title:

新西兰的路

Question types:

句子填空题 6

TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN 6

文章内容回顾

新西兰和澳大利亚道路历史的介绍,毛利人和早期欧洲人是如何出行的。现在道路情况的介绍,几条新道路。政府对修路不感兴趣,志愿者自己建设。条道路是为了recreation, 有计划但未实行,最后一条道路把很多美景连起来。

相关英文原文阅读

The assertion that the first pathways were the trails made by animals has not been universally accepted; in many cases animals do not follow constant paths. Others believe that some roads originated from following animal trails. The Icknield Way is given as an example of this type of road origination, where man and animal both selected the same natural line. By about 10,000 BC, rough roads/pathways were used by human travelers. The world''s oldest known paved road was laid in Egypt some time between 2600 and 2200 BC. Stone-paved streets are found in the city of Ur in the Middle East dating back to 4000 BC. Corduroy roads (log roads) are found dating to 4000 BC in Glastonbury, England.

The Sweet Track, a timber track causeway in England, is one of the oldest engineered roads discovered and the oldest timber track way discovered in Northern Europe. Built in winter 3807 BC or spring 3806 BC, tree-ring dating (Dendrochronology) enabled very precise dating. It was claimed to be the oldest road in the world until the 2009 discovery of a 6,000-year-old track way in Plumstead, London.

Brick-paved streets were used in India as early as 3000 BC 

In 500 BC, Darius I the Great started an extensive road system for Persia (Iran), including the Royal Road, which was one of the finest highways of its time. The road remained in use after Roman times.

In ancient times, transport by river was far easier and faster than transport by road, especially considering the cost of road construction and the difference in carrying capacity between carts and river barges. A hybrid of road transport and ship transport beginning in about 1740 is the horse-drawn boat in which the horse follows a cleared path along the river bank.

From about 312 BC, the Roman Empire built straightstrong stone Roman roads throughout Europe and North Africa, in support of its military campaigns. At its peak the Roman Empire was connected by 29 major roads moving out from Rome and covering 78,000 kilometersor 52,964 Roman miles of paved roads.

In the 8th century AD, many roads were built throughout the Arab Empire. The most sophisticated roads were those in Baghdad, which were paved with tar. Tar was derived from petroleum, accessed from oil fields in the region, through the chemical process of destructive distillation.

The Highways Act 1555 in Britain transferred responsibility for maintaining roads from government to local parishes. This resulted in a poor and variable state of roads. To remedy this, the first of the "Turnpike trusts" was established around 1706, to build good roads and collect tolls from passing vehicles. Eventually there were approximately 1,100 trusts in Britain and some 36,800 km (22,870 miles) of engineered roads. The Rebecca Riots in Carmarthenshire and Rhayader from 1839 to 1844 contributed to a Royal Commission that led to the demise of the system in 1844, which coincided with the development of the UK railway system.

题型难度分析

本篇文章题型难度较低,是非无判断题及句子填空题均具有顺序性原则,只要考生平时注重定位能力的训练,在较短的时间内可以提高这两种题型的做题速度和准确性。根据学员回忆,本篇文章篇幅较短,难度较低。

 

1-6 填空题:

1. beach

2. scientist

3. funeral

4. recreation

5. hunters

6. huts

 

7-12 是非无判断题:

7. FALSE

8. NOT GIVEN

9. FALSE

10. FALSE

11. NOT GIVEN

12. TRUE

题型技巧分析

对于是非无判断题有两点需要提醒:

,是非无判断题理论上是具有顺序性的题型,因此考生在回到文章中扫描定位词时可以按照题目顺序来依次定位。但是是非无判断题的特殊性在于其中有的情况,所以如果考生过于机械的遵循顺序定位的规律,对于答案是NOT GIVEN的题目,有可能会出现需要读完更多内容才能判断出来的情况。

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