朗阁首页 > 雅思频道 > 雅思阅读 > [雅思培训]雅思阅读细节先行还是段落大意先飞

[雅思培训]雅思阅读细节先行还是段落大意先飞

来源:朗阁教育 2016-09-21 编辑:朗阁小编 雅思托福0元试学

备考资料免费领取

雅思阅读是雅思考试中考生们较怕的部分。如何定位关键词一直是考生们较想了解的点,然而事实并没有如此容易,今天朗阁老师就为大家进行此次的雅思培训,并指出heading题和细节题—summary, 判断题,简答题等题型的做题顺序可以帮助我们很好地定位。细节先行?heading先飞?接着往下看。

雅思阅读雅思考试中考生们较怕的部分。如何定位关键词一直是考生们较想了解的点,然而事实并没有如此容易,今天朗阁就为大家进行此次的雅思培训,并指出heading题和细节题—summary, 判断题,简答题等题型的做题顺序可以帮助我们很好地定位。细节先行?heading先飞?接着往下看。

 

首先,有几个基本概念我们要了解。,heading其实本质就是段落大意题,也就是我们在老外的文章中经常看到的topic sentence所包含的内容。第二,细节的作用是什么?细节是用来拓展主题句,帮助段落发展的利器。由此得出,段落大意在某种程度上可以帮助我们定位细节出处。同时,细节的内容比较清楚的同时可以帮助我们确认段落大意。两者相辅相成,到底哪个先行呢?

 

首先,通过剑桥9Test1 Passage2<Is Anybody Out There>的分析,我们来确认一下。

 

READING PASSAGE 2

You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 14-26, which are based on ReadingPassage 2 on the following pages.

 

Questions 14-17

Reading Passage 2 has five paragraphs, A-E.

Choose the correct heading for paragraphs B-E from the list of headings below.

Write the correct number, i-vii, in boxes 14-17 on your answer sheet.

List of Headings

i        Seeking the transmission of radio signals from planets

ii       Appropriate responses to signals from other civilisations

iii      Vast distances to Earth's closest neighbours

iv      Assumptions underlying the search for extra-terrestrial intelligence

v       Reasons for the search for extra-terrestrial intelligence

vi      Knowledge of extra-terrestrial life forms

vii     Likelihood of life on other planets

 

Example                               Answer

Paragraph A                       v

         14     Paragraph B

         15     Paragraph C

         16     Paragraph D

         17     Paragraph E

 

IS THERE ANYBODY OUT THERE?

The Search for Extra-terrestrial Intelligence

The question of whether we are alone in theUniverse has haunted humanity for centuries,but we may now stand poised on the brink ofthe answer to that question, as we search forradio signals from other intelligent civilisations.This search, often known by the acronym SETI(search for extra-terrestrial intelligence), is adifficult one. Although groups around the worldhave been searching intermittently for threedecades, it is only now that we have reachedthe level of technology where we can make adetermined attempt to search all nearby starsfor any sign of life.

A

The primary reason for the search is basic curiosity - the same curiosity about the naturalworld that drives all pure science. We want to know whether we are alone in the Universe.We want to know whether life evolves naturally if given the right conditions, or whether thereis something very special about the Earth to have fostered the variety of life forms thatwe see around us on the planet. The simple detection of a radio signal will be sufficient toanswer this most basic of all questions. In this sense, SETI is another cog in the machineryof pure science which is continually pushing out the horizon of our knowledge. However,there are other reasons for being interested in whether life exists elsewhere. For example,we have had civilisation on Earth for perhaps only a few thousand years, and the threats ofnuclear war and pollution over the last few decades have told us that our survival may betenuous. Will we last another two thousand years or will we wipe ourselves out? Since thelifetime of a planet like ours is several billion years, we can expect that, if other civilizationsdo survive in our galaxy, their ages will range from zero to several billion years. Thus anyother civilisation that we hear from is likely to be far older, on average, than ourselves. Themere existence of such a civilisation will tell us that long-term survival is possible, and givesus some cause for optimism. It is even possible that the older civilisation may pass on thebenefits of their experience in dealing with threats to survival such as nuclear war and globalpollution, and other threats that we haven't yet discovered.

B

In discussing whether we are alone, most SETI scientists adopt two ground rules. First.UFOs (Unidentified Flying Objects) are generally ignored since most scientists don'tconsider the evidence for them to be strong enough to bear serious consideration(although it is also important to keep an open mind in case any really convincing evidenceemerges in the future). Second, we make a very conservative assumption that we arelooking for a life form that is pretty well like us, since if it differs radically from us we maywell not recognise it as a life form, quite apart from whether we are able to communicatewith it. In other words, the life form we are looking for may well have two green headsand seven fingers, but it will nevertheless resemble us in that it should communicate withits fellows, be interested in the Universe, live on a planet orbiting a star like our Sun. andperhaps most restrictively, have a chemistry, like us, based on carbon and water.

C

Even when we make these assumptions, our understanding of other life forms is stillseverely limited. We do not even know, for example, how many stars have planets, and wecertainly do not know how likely it is that life will arise naturally, given the right conditions.However, when we look at the 100 billion stars in our galaxy (the Milky Way), and 100billion galaxies in the observable Universe, it seems inconceivable that at least one ofthese planets does not have a life form on it; in fact, the best educated guess we canmake, using the little that we do know about the conditions for carbon-based life, leads usto estimate that perhaps one in 100,000 stars might have a life-bearing planet orbitingit. That means that our nearest neighbours are perhaps 100 light years away, which isalmost next door in astronomical terms.

D

An alien civilisation could choose many different ways of s

朗阁培训 雅思培训 雅思阅读 阅读细节题
分享到:

雅思托福 全套备考资料
扫一扫!进群获取独家干货!

热门雅思培训课程推荐

  • 适用人群
  • 词汇量1000
  • 词汇量1500
  • 词汇量2000以上
  • 词汇量6000以上
  • 开课时间
  • 热报中
  • 滚动开班
  • 即将开班
  • 热报中

获取验证码

立即获取

稍后有专业老师给你回电,请保持电话畅通
沪ICP备 17003234 号 图书经营许可证:第A7651号 版权所有:上海朗阁教育科技股份有限公司 Copyright 2005 LONGRE EDUCATION GROUP All Rights Reserved