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新托福口语question3模板创制的可能性(下)

来源:朗阁教育 2013-02-28 编辑:PMC_ivy 雅思托福0元试学

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在上篇中朗阁海外考试研究中心口语组的老师讲到,考生在Question 3的阅读和听力部分首先需要记录下一些要点,再将这些要点内容按一定的逻辑顺序和*后的问题要求组织好并叙述出来便是完成了任务。下面我们以一个题目为例,分为三个部分讲解:先分别确定阅读和听力中的要点内容填入相应的笔记模板,再来探究一下具体作答时的框架和表达的模板。

 谈模板

在上篇中朗阁托福培训中心口语组的讲到,考生在Question 3的阅读和听力部分首先需要记录下一些要点,再将这些要点内容按一定的逻辑顺序和*后的问题要求组织好并叙述出来便是完成了任务。下面我们以一个题目为例,分为三个部分讲解:先分别确定阅读和听力中的要点内容填入相应的笔记模板,再来探究一下具体作答时的框架和表达的模板。

 

Example

î Part 1 - Reading

考生首先接触的是阅读文章,正式的题目从下面的话题简介开始,考生会听到:

 

Narrator

City University is planning to increase tuition and fees. Read the announcement about the increase from the president of City University.

 

事实上,考生从这个简短的介绍开始便可以做笔记了,因为它已经大致说明了整个题目的核心话题:城市大学正计划增收学费,请阅读城市大学校长就此发表的公告。公告如下:

 

Announcement from the President

The university has decided to increase tuition and fees for all students by approximately 8% next semester. For the past 5 years, the tuition and fees have remained the same, but it is necessary to increase them now for several reasons. The university has many more students than we had five years ago, and we must hire additional professors to teach these students. We have also made a new commitment to research and technology and will be renovating and upgrading our laboratory facilities to better meet our students’ needs.

 

阅读中,以上红色字体的内容就是关键(参考本文上篇内容),考生应当善于发掘这些主要信息并用*简练且有条理的方式加以记录。朗阁海外考试研究中心在此*醒考生们,事实上,笔记也是有固定的框架模板的:

 

Reading Note-taking

Topic: increase tuition & fees (8%)

Main Reasons:

a. more students additional professors;

b. new commitment to research & technology renovating & upgrading laboratory facililties

 

î Part 2 - Listening

接下来是听力,考生在听对话或独白时应当留意说话者的语调、重音和一些词汇的选择,因为这些往往是考生判断说话者观点和态度的关键因素。本题是一段对话,内容如下:

 

Man

Oh great, now we have to come up with more money for next semester.

Woman

Yeah, I know, but I can see why. When I first started here, classes were so much smaller than they are now. With this many students, it’s hard to get the personal attention you need…

Man

Yeah, I guess you’re right. You know, in some classes I can’t even get a seat. And I couldn’t take the math course I wanted to because it was already full when I signed up.

Woman

And the other thing is, well, I am kind of worried about not being able to get a job after I graduate.

Man

Why? I mean you’re doing really well in your classes, aren’t you?

Woman

I’m doing ok, but the facilities here are so limited. There are some great new experiments in microbiology that we can’t even do here… there isn’t enough equipment in the laboratories, and the equipment they have is out of date. How am I going to compete for jobs with people who have practical research experience? I think the extra tuition will be a good investment.

 

从对话中我们可以听出两人对该计划的态度是一致的,并且是肯定的。而中间他们所讨论的理由也是后面回答问题的关键信息。在不知道*后问题的情况下,考生要针对上面红色字体的部分即两人各自的观点和理由都做好简要记录。笔记的框架模板如下:

 

Listening Note-taking

Man:

a.       × get a seat

b.       × take the math course full when signed up

Woman:

a.       many students hard to get personal attention

b.       worried about job limited facilities; no enough equipment & out of date

c.       extra tuition good investment (key point)

说明:听力部分主要是记录说话人的观点及理由,有可能是对话,也有可能是独白,所以如果是独白就只有一人发表观点,框架就更简单了。

 

î Part 3 - Answering

*后出现在屏幕上并被朗读出来就是问题。本题的问题如下:

 

3. The woman expresses her opinion of the announcement by the university president. State her opinion and explain the reasons she gives for holding that opinion.

Preparation Time: 30 Seconds

Response Time: 60 Seconds

 

题目很明确地指出,女生对大学校长*的公告表达了自己的观点。考生在答题时需要总结女生所持的观点,并说明相应的理由。所以在讨论答题框架和表达之前朗阁海外考试研究中心先强调考生在准备答题时需注意的几点:

 

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