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托福阅读例题解析

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托福阅读例题解析


  正确答案选项的设置
     A.原文信息的同义改写:
  1 正话反说/反话正说(例题1.D)
  例题1:(摘录于TPO8R2,Extinction of the Dinosaurs)
  …Data from diverse sources, including geochemical evidence preserved in seafloor sediments, indicate that the Late Cretaceous climate was milder than today’s. The days were not too hot, nor the nights too cold. The summers were not too warm, nor the winters too frigid. The shallow seas on the continents probably buffered the temperature of the nearby air, keeping it relatively constant.
  1.According to paragraph 1,which of the following is true of the Late Cretaceous climate?
  A.Summers were very warm and winters were very cold.
  B.Shallow seas on the continents caused frequent temperature changes.
  C.The climate was very similarto today’s climate.
  D.The climate did not change dramatically from season to season.
  解析:文章说气候比较温和,答案选项反过来说气候改变不大。


  2 句型改变(例题2.C)
  例题2:(摘录于官方指南116页,Swimming Machines)
  A bluefin tuna in water of 7°C (45°F) can maintain a core temperature of over 25°C (77°F)。 This warm body temperature may help not only the muscles to work better, but also the brain and the eyes.The billfishes have gone one step further. They have evolved special"heaters" of modified muscle tissue that warm the eyes and brain, maintaining peak performance of these critical organs.
  10. Which of the following is true of bluefin tunas?
  A.Their eyes and brain are more efficient than those of any other fish.
  B.Their body temperature can change greatly depending on the water temperature.
  C.They can swim in waters that are much colder than their own bodies.
  D.They have special muscle tissue that warms their eyes and brain.
  解析:文章说在7度水中保持体温超过25度,答案选项改写成可以在比身体更冷的水中游泳。
  丨B.原文信息的抽象扩大(例题3. B)


  例题3:(摘录于官方指南103页,Artisans and Industrialization)
  Apprentices were considered part of the family, and masters were responsible not only for teaching their apprentices a trade but also for providing them some education and for supervising their moral behavior.
  A.Masters demanded moral behavior from apprentices but often treated them irresponsibly.
  B.The responsibilities of the master to the apprentice went beyond the teaching of a trade.
  C.Masters preferred to maintain the trade within the family by supervising and educating the younger family members.
  D.Masters who trained members of their own family as apprentices demanded excellence from them.
  解析:文章说徒弟被认为是家庭的一份子,师傅的责任不仅有教手艺还有给教育和道德监管。答案选项说师傅的责任不仅仅是教手艺,虽然没有直接提到其他的责任,但是在逻辑重心上和原文属于抽象的吻合。


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