朗阁首页 > 托福培训 > 托福写作 > 托福写作的审题误区

托福写作的审题误区

来源:网络2018-10-31 雅思托福0元试学

Lily老师从业5年 已帮助 300名学员实现留学梦

  托福写作考试中,审题是非常关键的。很多同学在备考中,将更多的精力放在了素材的积累上,忽略了审题能力的进步。那么在考试中,我们在审题上花费的时间比较多,也会影响我们的较后得分。


托福写作的审题误区


  例1:


  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Advertising is the only main cause for people's unhealthy eating habits.


  看到这个题目,同学们立刻会开始想,有没有other reasons for unhealthy habits,想出三条如:1. People's tight schedules do not allow them to eat at regular hours; 2. Sometimes people are eager to lose weight or to keep fit so that they go on "endless diets"; 3. Bearing heavy burden both physically and mentally, some consider eating constantly as their most effective stress reliever. 综上所述,advertising is not the only cause.


  这个写法看起来非常完备,但其实犯了一个不起眼却严重的错误--题目不是要我们*it is not the only cause,而是要我们去*it is not the only main cause。多一个"main",意思是很不一样的。如果我们只需要*it is not the only cause,那么找出other causes即可即例1中的写法。但是,如果我们要*it is not the only main cause,就需要*other causes that we mentioned are also main causes,这就需要在每一段中加上一些专门的说明。或者,更简单的办法是去*advertising is not even a cause, 直接在每段的末尾加上advertising与该段所论述的unhealthy eating habit无关的论述即可。If it is not a cause, how can it be the onlymain cause? 这样一来,就不用通过*还有其他main cause来反驳了,事实上,*某种cause是main cause还是挺有难度的,因此笔者推荐同学们用后一种方式进行论述。因此,文章还是disagree,而三段的主题句分别应该是:1、1. People's tight schedules do not allow them to eat at regular hours, and it is obvious that they are too busy to be influenced by advertising; 2. Sometimes people are eager to lose weight or to keep fit so that they go on "endless diets", and this is more like a result of human nature, the pursuit of beauty, but not advertising; 3. Bearing heavy burden both physically and mentally, some consider eating constantly as their most effective stress reliever, and it is quite clear that no advertising encourages them to do so.


  例2:Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Colleges and universities should offer more preparation for student before they start working.


  看到这个题目,很多同学会可能会这样写:Agree. 1. Students should take morespecializedcourses(专业课)in order to be knowledgeable and skillful enough for their future careers(接着开始论述being knowledgeable and skillful的重要性); 2.Participating in internships helps students to have a clearer picture of their vocational development in the future(接着开始论述,如果没有实过习,在工作的时候是多么地feel so unprepared); 3. Attending more club activities is an effective way to improve social skills, which are crucial for success both in life and at work(接着开始论述good social skills对职业和生活的帮助).如果不看括号里的内容,仅看主题句,这篇文章是没有任何问题的。然而,括号中的论述从严格意义上来讲,是不能支持"more"这个关键词的。举个简单的例子:"我们需要钱"和"我们需要更多钱"在*的时候重点是不一样的。如果*"我们需要钱",应该详细


  阐述钱的"不可或缺性",比如生活、学习、教育都需要钱;但是如果*"我们需要更多钱",重点则应该放在"钱不够"的论述上,*在学习、生活、教育方面的预算都很紧张。同样地,上面的题目中仅仅*Knowledge for careers, field experience and social skills are important是不够的,事实上,这些根本不需要*,需要*的事情是graduates today are not well prepared in the three aspects. 因此这篇文章应该是一篇"抱怨型"的文章,详细地去论述学校工作的不足。参考思路如下:Agree. 1. Many students today complain that they cannot learn practical skills and up-to-date information, for some of their teachers are not qualified enough to teach specialized courses; 2. Since many students are not allowed enough time to participate in internship programs before graduation, they know very little about what their future jobs like; 3. Joining clubs is possible for every college student, yet not every club provide is capable of offering enough opportunities for students to practice their social skills.


  同学们在写文章的时候一定要注意,*论文写作不是句型和辞藻的堆砌,整篇文章一定是一个well-organized system,这个system中很重要的原则之二就是--


  1、每个中间段的topic sentence是用来支持main idea的;


  2、topic sentence后面的每句话都是用来支持该topic sentence的。在上面的两个例子中,大家会发现例1的错误主要是main idea没有很好地被topic sentence支持;而例2的错误在于topic sentence虽然看起来是支持main idea的,但是论述的内容可能跟关键词"more"无关,从而不能有力地支持topic sentences。这些错误的起因,则是对题干中关键词的忽略。


分享到:

精品课程更多

新托福预备铂金班

课程特色:能对抽象事物进行思考,能用英语接触热点话题,能运用一定数量的从句
适合人群:高中

新托福预备VIP班

课程特色:能对抽象事物进行思考,能用英语接触热点话题,能运用一定数量的从句
适合人群:高中

新托福预备班

课程特色:能对抽象事物进行思考,能用英语接触热点话题,能运用一定数量的从句
适合人群:高中

新托福预备铂金班

课程特色:能对抽象事物进行思考,能用英语接触热点话题,能运用一定数量的从句
适合人群:高中

相关推荐更多

  • 托福培训写作多少钱

    '托福培训写作多少钱。托福写作培训要花多少钱。本文解释了托福写作培训通常需要多少钱。以上分享的是托福写作培训一般需要多少钱的相关内容,希望对大家有所帮助。近年来,托福培训课程越来越多,申请人数较前几年有所增加,但托福培训的价格不同,考生在考虑成本绩效时也提高了学生的成绩率。

  • 托福写作评分标准解析

    近年来,越来越多的考生选择报考托福考试,毕竟托福在全球的认可度都很高。在备考托福的过程中,如果能了解托福的评分标准,那么备考就能事半功倍。接下来,朗阁小编就为大家带来托福写作的评分标准。

  • 如何使用托福写作机经

    众所周知,托福考试每年都会从题库里面筛选题目,备考托福的考生一般会在冲刺阶段使用机经。那么,我们如何使用托福写作机经呢?机经使用通常会有哪些误区呢?接下来,跟随朗阁小编一探究竟。

  • 托福写作哪本书好

    托福是由美国教育测验服务社(ETS)举办的英语能力考试,全名为"检定非英语为母语者的英语能力考试",中文音译为"托福"。TOEFL有三种,分别是: pbt-paper based test 纸考 677. cbt-computer based test 机考 300. ibt-internet based test 网考 120. 新托福满分是120分。TOEFL考试的有效期为两年,是从考试日期开始计算的。下面我们一起来看看,托福写作哪本书好?

免费领取200元优惠券

沪ICP备 17003234 号 图书经营许可证:第A7651号 版权所有:上海朗阁教育科技股份有限公司 Copyright 2005 LONGRE EDUCATION GROUP All Rights Reserved