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托福写作中的举例论证方法

来源:网络2018-10-31 雅思托福0元试学

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  托福写作中的举例论证不仅能够拓展托福写作内容,更可以详细的表述所要阐述的观点,让观点更加明确,那么在托福写作中有哪些比较好的举例论证方法。

  句型举例一:

  ...is often/frequently/generally cited/quoted/mentioned as a single/common/familiar/prime example of ...

  例句:

  China's growth, which has been spectacular over the past few years, depends on a stable currency and responsible lending policies. Yet neither has been in evidence in recent months. A common example which is frequently cited is soaring inflation which has approached nearly 30% in major cities and bankers who have lavished funds on fly-by-night ventures and speculative schemes such as real estate projects and stock issues.

  在过去几年里取得惊人增长的我国经济主要取决于稳定的货币制度和可靠的信贷政策。但是较近几个月来,人们看不到这一点,较常见的例证就是通货膨胀,在许多大城市里已达到近30%。另外,银行向根本无还债能力的企业以及投机项目如房地产开发和发行股票债券等大开绿灯,发放贷款。

  例句:

  Mozart is often quoted as a familiar example of ardent interest and sustained endeavor. Walking, or at the theater, or even while engaged in social amusements, he lived in a self-created atmosphere of music. His head was working all the time. "Nobody," runs his own account, "take as much pains in the study of composition as I. You could not easily name a famous master in music which I have not industriously studied, often going through his words several times."莫扎特,作为强烈的兴趣和坚持不懈的努力的典范,经常受到引用。无论是在街上行走,还是在戏院看戏,甚至在参加社交娱乐活动时,他都在思索音乐。他的头脑一刻也没有停过。正如他自己所说的,"没有人像我这么刻苦地钻研乐曲。你很难举出一个*的音乐大师,他的作品我是没有经过仔细研究过的。他的作品我往往要读好几遍。"句型举例二:

  A good/better/classic case in point/example of this is/can be best provided by...

  例句:

  Although the central government is flying desperately to keep economic growth below 15%, things are not so easy in China, where to nod politely is one thing, and to follow what you say is quite another. A classic example of this can be provided by the attitude of provincial and municipal officials toward the government's policy. They insist that they have the right to interpret it their own way and that overheating is not a problem.

  虽然中央政府极力想把经济增长的速度控制在15%以下,但事情并不那么简单。在我国,对你客气地点头同意是一回事,是否按你所说的去做则是另一回事。较典型的例子就是省市*干部对中央政策的态度。他们坚持他们有权按自己的意思来理解中央的政策,认为经济过热不是问题。

  例句:

  A good example of this changed attitude can be best provided by the case of a college student who stressed openly that money is not theprime objective of today's students and that they now want to do something that is socially rewarding and helps to develop their capabilities to the full.

  说明年轻人态度变化的一个很好的例子是一名大学生公开声明钱并不是今天的学生所追求的靠前*。他们想干的是对社会有意义的事,并有助于充分发挥自己才干的事。

托福写作中的举例论证方法

  句型举例三:

  This /To offer(s)/provide(s)/prove(s)/show(s) a typical/concrete/notable/striking instance/example/illustration of..., to例句:

  As noted, an increase in the consumption of motorcycles requires a facilitating supply of streets, traffic control and parking space. This provides a typical example of the law of balance. An increase in the use of one product must create a requirement for others.

  人们可以注意到,机动车的大量增加必然需要有许多畅通的道路,交通管理和众多停车场所,这就是平衡规律的典型例子,对某一产品的需求量增加必然引起对另一些产品的需要。

  例句:

  To so phrase the question should not be shocking. As a society, we already accept a variety of reasons as sufficient to justify the destruction of life. Self-defense proves an obvious example. War, and penalties for some crimes are others that we currently accept.

  这样解释这个问题不应引起震惊。作为一个社会,我们早就已接受了各种各样的理由来为摧毁一个生命而进行的辩解。自我防卫就是一个明显的例子。战争,对某些犯罪的惩罚,是另一些我们现在都认可的例子。


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新托福预备班

课程特色:能对抽象事物进行思考,能用英语接触热点话题,能运用一定数量的从句
适合人群:高中

新托福预备铂金班

课程特色:能对抽象事物进行思考,能用英语接触热点话题,能运用一定数量的从句
适合人群:高中

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