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托福的家考:(1.26~1.28)家考第1~2套写作详细

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*套

考题回忆: 

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

All scientific discoveries should be shared among scientists all around the world; governments and businesses should not keep any discoveries secret. 

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

(这道题重复了2019.1.5日的老题目。)


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审题注意点:

1. All scientific discoveries: *,可以反驳,提出哪些发现不能分享。 


2. “ governments and businesses should not keep any discoveries secret. ”--- 在2019年考到此题的时候,很多同学要么觉得奇怪,根本没回应这句话,要么就完全忘了还有这句话了。这肯定是错误的。一定要回应! 


其实大家要首先搞明白,为什么题目中会提到“the government and businesses should not keep any discoveries in secret.” 

主要因为:很多大公司都雇佣了*上较*的科学家来做研发产品。所以他们会掌握很多*的发明。比如Tsela 的电池。Google 的搜索。Apple 也掌握很多专利...或者国家也资助了很多科学家们的实验...

所以大家在展开的时候,只要提到了 “这些公司分享了他们做出来的*,就影响利润收入” "国家分享出去就威胁了这个国家的安全、科技优势...."就是切题的。


参考提纲:

总观点:不同意。不应该all 发明都被分享.


中间段1: 确实,针对在能有利于全体人类的突破,就应该被分享。As for breakthrough whichs benefit the whole humankind, it is necessary to be shared among all the scientists. —比如医学发明。Take medical science for example.  Those 致命的deadly/fatal/acute急性 diseases such as HIV and cancers are so complicated/intricate or highly contagious 传染性很强的 like Novel coronavirus(新冠病毒) sweeping across the globe this year  that are hard to be cured 太难被治愈 by a single brilliant scientist. The international joint effort is indispensable. — Besides, compared to the huge profits/high returns高额利润 brought to single or several monopoly enterprises, the lives brought back by effective medicines should be given the top priority. 

 

中间段2:对于武器方面的进步就不应该被分享给其他国家,尤其是被独裁政府统治的国家.  As for the latest advancement of weapons, they should never be leaked to another company easily, especially those are governed by dictatorship 独裁政府.— For example, 爱因斯坦Einstein was very regretted about that after moving to America, he helped and accelerated the invention of atomic bombs by sharing his findings in relative fields. We all know the dire catastrophe happening to Japanese afterward. —因为.... 


中间段3.在商业领域的突破,也没有理由要求分享。As for breakthroughs in the commercial world, we have no reason to demand big companies to share them.—因为这些高额利润才是促使这些公司每天投入数十亿美元和大量人力的主要动力..... 


2.jpg


第二套


考题回忆: 

One challenge for many workers in today's society is making sure that they have the most up-to-date skills for the workplace. In response to this, a government decided to give money to all adults over the age of 25 to pay for one training course that could provide them with new skills. Do you think this is an effective way for a government to spend its money? Why or why not?

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. Be sure to use your own words. Do not use memorized examples.

(重复了2018.11.4日考题)


参考提纲:

总观点:It is not a good move for governments to implement such a policy.

中间段1. Admittedly, vocational training goes a long way towards helping workers with outdated skills land good jobs. --A lot of professions, such as typists and taxi drivers,  are on the verge of extinction. If those workers are not equipped with new skills/do not upgrade  their skills in time, they may also face losing their jobs.


中间段2:However, such a policy will impose a heavy financial burden on the government.给这样的课程给all2*以上的年轻人不是一个小事,需要很多钱才能做到。那么政府可能就没有足够的钱去投资更重要的其他项目了,比如... (写作团day15素材).. 


中间段3. Besides, this policy is very likely to end up in vain. 政府组织的课程的上课时间都很固定,或者可供选择的课程也很少,很多人都不会选择去上。人们很容易在网上找到免费的+多样的课程学习视频,或者直接向同事请教学习。...


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