朗阁首页 > 托福培训 > 托福写作 > 托福写作素材之工作&政府话题:农民工,技能培训,走捷径,怎么说?

托福写作素材之工作&政府话题:农民工,技能培训,走捷径,怎么说?

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工作&政府话题


小编说:

托福写作考试中的工作话题和政府话题是很多同学的难点。因为大部分同学都还没有工作过,也很少从国家宏观的角度去想过一些问题。


比如,托福写作出过这样一道题:

2018.11.4

Up-to-date skills for worker are important, so the government should pay for the training courses for all adults who over 25 age to let them get new skills.


这道看起来平平无奇的题目,就难倒了很多同学。幸好,《FT金融时报》有一篇相关的报道。


如果你对托福学习 有兴趣,请联系我们的老师~


01

素材原文


Despite the huge workforce, our country lacks the skilled labor needed to power its increasingly sophisticated economy. The skills shortage is especially pronounced among the country’s 290m migrant workers, with more than two-thirds saying they had no training before entering the labor market. For unskilled workers, the pandemic has raised the threat of being laid off.


Our government launched a nationwide campaign to retrain its working and jobless adults,  pledging to  spend 15 billion dollar training more than 50m workers in the three years ending 2021. Multiple vocational schools reported a surge in students for the free training courses that ranged from cooking to auto repair. 


However, the re-education campaign has done little to boost employment. Critics said the programme had failed to meet the needs of the market because state support was not nearly enough to cover the cost of teaching. For example, a vocational school receives a subsidy of Rmb800 per person for make-up training that normally costs more than Rmb2,000. The gap meant the school could either provide well-rounded training at a loss or cut corners to make ends meet. They often chose the latter, trimming the length of the course and offering inadequate training. (198字)


02

素材学习


*段·政策的原因

Despite the huge workforce, our country lacks the skilled labor needed to power its increasingly sophisticated economy. The skills shortage is especially pronounced among the country’s 290m migrant workers, with more than two-thirds having no training before entering the labor market. For unskilled workers, the pandemic has raised the threat of being laid off.

尽管拥有规模庞大的劳动力,但我国缺乏驱动其日益先进的经济所需的掌握技能的劳动力。在2.9亿农民工中,技能短缺显得尤为突出,超过三分之二的人在进入劳动力市场之前没有接受过培训。对于缺乏技能的人而言,新冠疫情增加了失业风险。


重点词汇:

1. power its increasingly sophiscated economy. vi.驱动日益先进的经济

 power. v,驱动.;为..供电 


2.pronounced. adj.  非常明显的;(观点)很明确

*She has very pronounced views on the importance of correct spelling. 她极力主张拼写正确是十分重要的.


3.migrant workers. n. 农民工

*migrant.adj. 迁徙的。这个词本意是指,外来务工人员。结合我国的语境,也可以指,农民工。


4.with more than two-thirds having no training 有三分之二(的人)没接受过培训 

~with+ n. + doing. 有/伴随某人/某事做某事

with(介词) +名词性短语,不能加一个完整的句子。所以这里的动词用了doing.


5. raised the threat of being laid off.增加了失业的风险

lay off sb. 解雇某人;不再做打扰人,讨厌的事 

第二段·好结果

The government launched a nationwide campaign to retrain its working and jobless adults, pledging to spend 15 billion dollar training more than 50m workers in the three years ending 2021. Multiple vocational schools reported a surge in students for the free training courses that ranged from cooking to auto repair. 

政府在*范围内推出一项针对成年在职员工和失业员工的再培训计划. 承诺在截至2021年的3年内,将拿出150亿美元培训5000多万名劳动力。多所职业学校称参加从烹饪到汽车维修等各种免费培训课程的学生人数激增。

这一段具体写了政府的资助计划和现实的效果反馈:确实带动了很多人去参与职业培训。


6. launch a nationwide campaign 推行了一项*计划

--> launch.v.发射;发起,发动;发行上市

▸ She is well and truly launched on her new career. 她的新事业已经成功开展起来了。

▸ launch a new model 推出新型号  

--> campaign. [高频]

n. 对政治/社会/商业目的而进行的一系列有计划的活动。战役。 

* an advertising campaign 广告宣传运动(以推销某产品)
* an election campaign 竞选运动

* a campaign to raise money for the needy 为贫苦人筹款的运动.


7.pledge to do sth. 承诺(promise to do),保证(guarantee)做某事 

▸ I pledge you my word that I will never desert you 我向你保证决不抛弃你



第三段·没有达到预期目标

However, the re-education campaign has done little to boost employment. Critics said the programme had failed to meet the needs of the market because state support was not nearly enough to cover the cost of teaching. For example, a vocational school receives a subsidy of Rmb800 per person for make-up training that normally costs more than Rmb2,000. The gap meant the school could either provide well-rounded training at a loss or cut corners to make ends meet. They often chose the latter, trimming the length of the course and offering inadequate training. 


然而,这个再培训计划,对于促进就业几乎没有任何帮助。批评人士表示,该计划未能满足市场需求,原因是政府补贴完全不够覆盖培训成本。比如,培训学校的化妆培训课程可获得每名学员800元人民币的补贴,而这种培训的成本通常在2000元人民币以上。这一缺口意味着,学校要么亏本给全面的培训,要么缩减课程来维持收支平衡。培训学校选择了后者,缩短了课程时长,给了不足够的培训。


12. provide well-rounded training at a loss 给亏本的全面培训

at a loss. 
① trade at a loss 亏本做*;
② 茫然不知所措

▸I'm at a loss what to do next. 我不知道下一步怎么办.


2.jpg


13. cut corners to do sth. 找捷径做某事

▸ We've had to cut a few corners to get your visa ready in time. 我们得简化手续才能将你的签证及时办妥.


14. trim the length of the course 缩减课程的时长 

trim. v. 修剪胡子/裙子/树枝;预算/文章长度

▸ trim 5% off the budget 削减5%的预算 

▸ trim six minutes off a speech把讲话缩短6分钟 


03

划重点


今天学到的
主要内容:
1. 政府推出一项*性就业培训计划,并负担成年人技能进步的费用,来帮助失业/低技能人群找工作。
2. 确实吸引了更多人去参加培训。
3. 但是,因为资金有限,导致这一政策效果有限limited sucess. 
重点词汇:
1. launch a nationalwide campaign 
2. power sophisticated economy 
3. migrant wokers 
4. be laid off
5. cut corners to do sth. 
6. trim the length of the course 
7. trade at a loss. 
重点结构/句型:
8. with+ n. +doing sth.  

如果你对托福学习 有兴趣,请联系我们的老师~


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