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托福考前培训班:作文要避开的“傻词”

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学英文的轨迹是这样的。先什么都不会,能写出来就不错;后来会点词就拼命装X结果不得要领;后来知道简洁为好,能表达出意思就够,较NB的就是知道什么时候用什么词,对词义的差别掌握的很透彻,句式很多样,native speaker能很自然的看懂并欣赏。这一级别需要很长时间练就,我估计一般老外都不见得那么熟练地驾驭词汇。

连词篇:(介词,副词)
Firstly: previously, beforehand, foremost, initially, originally, formerly, principally, mainly, essentially, basically, generally, commonly, universally, on the whole, fundamentally, to begin with, to start with, first of all, at the outset…
Then: subsequently, afterward, thereafter, after that, succeeding (adj.), secondarily, what is more, furthermore (further more)
Lastly: ultimately, eventually, in conclusion, to conclude, as a final point, last of all, last but not least, finally…
Too: as well (句末), in addition, besides, moreover, additionally, to boot, excessively, also…
And: plus, as well as, along with, in addition, bonus, with…
+Or: otherwise, if not, before, or else…
So (adv): therefore, thus, consequently, accordingly, as a result, for that reason, hence, that’s why
Because: as, due to, since, as to, in that, for the reason that, for, now that…
But:however, moreover, nevertheless, nonetheless, on the contrary, on the other hand, 让步although, even thought, though, even if, while, as, despite the fact that…
Onlyjust, merely, barely, singly, solely, rarely…
Without: excluding,
Very: extremely, acutely, decidedly, deeply, exceedingly, greatly, highly, uncommonly, profoundly, unusually…
Actually: as a matter of fact, indeed, in fact, in point of fact, in reality, in truth, literally, truly …

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形容词/副词
Important: essential, significant, vital, crucial, profound, play a pushing role,indispensable, requisite, critical, fundamental, primary, elementary, underlying, rudimentary, basically, necessary…
-附加-傻句替换:I think that A is more important than B. (这是经典大傻句!以下句中的'important'可随意替换同义词)
1. A is important to B.
2. A plays an/aimportant role to B.
3. A is of (great\enormous\significant\awesome) to B.
4. B can not (live\developed\grow\survive\achieve) without A.
5. A means (a lot\a great deal\much) to B.
6. The importance of A (to B) can never be (exaggerated\denied\ignored\doubted).
7. A is everything/the whole world to B.
8. B is fundamental on A.
9. A matters/counts to B.
10. Nothing is more crucial to B than A.
11. A is to B what the (foundation is to a skyscraper\water is to fish\the heart is to a human)
Big: gigantic, massive, colossal, enormous, immense, gargantuan, tremendous, titanic, giant, vast, large, huge, monster, bulky,
->many: numerous, myriad, infinite, 
->forever (adv): infinity, eternal, timeless, everlasting,undying, endless, changeless, perpetually…
Small: minimum, diminutive, minute, petite, wee, undersized, teeny, tiny, little, petite(女子身高娇小)
Good: marvelous, fabulous, gorgeous, spectacular, outstanding, distinguished, remarkable, superb, incredible, unbelievable, out of this world, magnificent, charming, stunning, fantastic, terrific, excellent, great, wonderful, amazing, awesome
Bad: awful, terrible, dreadful, defective, faulty, imperfect, inadequate, poor, substandard, unsatisfactory, harmful, damaging, deleterious, detrimental, hurtful, ruinous, unhealthy, evil, immoral…
Clever: brilliant, knowledgeable, intellectual, intelligent, excellent, bright, smart
Happy: delightful, delectable, elated, glad, overjoyed, pleased, jubilant, merry, joyful,
Beautiful: charming, charismatic, attractive, gorgeous, pretty, endearing, sweet, adorable, eye-catching, handsome, hot, cute, good-looking, lovable, engaging…
Fast:swift, quick, rapid, speedy, hasty, nippy, like lightning,
+hurry (v): hustle, rush, make haste, tear, step on it, dash, get a move on, step on it, scoot.
Easy: simple, effortless, no trouble, painless, plain sailing, uncomplicated, undemanding, unproblematic, a piece of cake (informal), child’s play (informal),…
Clear: obvious, apparent, blatant, comprehensible, conspicuous, distinct, evident, manifest, palpable, plain, pronounced, recognizable, transparent, intelligible, lucid, plain, understandable, uninvolved, simple, …
Direct: bald, basic, frank, naked, plain, sincere, stark, straightforward, candid, forthright, outspoken….
Difficult: hard, tricky, complicated, complex, intricate, involved, knotty, perplexing, puzzling, thorny…
Angry: annoyed, cross, displeased, enraged, exasperated, incensed, infuriated, irate, mad (informal), livid (informal), berserk, outraged, resentful...
Dangerous: perilous, breakneck, chancy (informal), hazardous, insecure, precarious, risky, unsafe, vulnerable

动词
Think (that): hold the (opinion/ belief/ position/stand point/idea) that, assume, believe, deem, reckon, argue, maintain, suppose, conceive, insist, be convinced, to my knowledge, personally, from my personal perspective, as far as I am concerned, from my point of view, from my angle, consider, conceive, perspective...
Showconvey, reveal, express, corroborate, justify, imply, verify, clarify, signify, exemplify, illuminate, substantiate, demonstrate, elucidate, denote, characterized as, instruct, display, disclose, indicate, means, explain, give an/a example (reason, explanation) of, bear out, point out, point toward…
Know: realize, comprehend, identify, distinguish, discern, notice, perceive, recognize, see, understand, figure out, be acquainted with, be familiar with,
Get: acquire, attain, acquire, achieve, obtain, gain “学习” 不用learn
Suggest: have a proposal in,
Increase: magnify, expand, proliferate, mushroom, improve, enhance, advance…
Impress: affect, inspire, engrave on, imprint of,
Influence: impact, affect, guide, sway,
Stop: halt, cease, conclude, desist, end, pause, put an end to, quit, refrain, shut down, terminate…
Make: create, assemble, built, construct, form, manufacture; fore, cause, compel, constrain, drive, impel, induce, oblige, prevail, upon, require…
Give: present, award, contribute, deliver, donate, grant, hand over, hand out, provide, supply
Break:separate, burst, crack, destroy, disintegrate, fracture, fragment, shatter, smash, snap
Destroy: ruin, raze, annihilate, crush, demolish, devastate, eradicate, shatter, wipe out, wreck, obliterate, weaken, undermine…
Happen: occur, come about, come to pass, develop, result, take place, transpire

名词
Problemissue,question, case, trouble, difficulty, dilemma.
Meeting: conference, discussion, assembly, conclave, congress, convention, gathering session, assignation, encounter, confrontation, argument, controversy…
Studylearning, application, lessons, reading, research, school work, examination, analysis, consideration, contemplation, inspection, investigation, knowledge,scholarship…
Advantage: benefit, dominance, precedence, profit, superiority, merit…
Disadvantage: shortcoming, weakness, inconvenience, drawback, deficiency, flaw, handicap (also v. 妨碍), downside, limitation.
Life: existence, conduct, life style, way of life

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