远古时代末期她们的祖先会在石洞中原画，在TPO听力练中，TPO3 Lecture3 Chauvet Painting就有该文牵涉到石洞画，这篇听力该文整体难度不是很大，该文介绍了石洞画的创作时间是在stone age(青铜时代)，而青铜时代能分为Paleolithic和Neolithic三个末期，原画的工具一般来说是charcoal(木炭)，画描写的*类常常是许多大型的herbivore(食草鸟类)，这里老师们也能介绍呵呵同单词的除此之外三个词，carnivore(食肉鸟类)和omnivore(食腐鸟类)，远古时代人特别善于利用岩石的形状来描写鸟类，但她们几乎不画人类，而她们为何会选择画特定的鸟类，又为何要将写字在漆黑没有人居住的石洞中，该文教授也没有给出明确的说明。
除石洞艺术她们的听力练中还牵涉到版画，这是一个较为重要也相对梅西县的点，如果你细致入微观察会发现那些该文除该文背景知识和词语略有重叠之外，在实地考察方向上也有许多相似的点，比如TPO1 lecture1 Rose Frantzen和TPO19 lecture4 Cecilia Beaux 以及TPO21 lecture4 Alice Neel，下面她们就以许多具体内容的试题分析呵呵她们在考场方面的共通点。
具体来说该该文单厢牵涉许多常见的先锋派，而那些先锋派的定义一般来说会在该该文展开说明，并在具体内容的经典作品中充分体现该先锋派的特征，因此她们*好能够听得懂该文对先锋派的具体内容叙述，因为版画家在版画当中常常会受到那些版画古典风格的影响或是将几种古典风格结合在经典作品中，比如在TPO21 lecture4 中Alice Neel就结合了Realism和Expressionism，在该文对realism的叙述是It's like painting something exactly how it is， so an artist would try to make it as accurate， um... and objective as possible.即准确主观的描写，除此之外该文还提及了Expressionism即The artist is depicting subjective emotions， showing the inner reality as interpreted by the artist rather than the outward the image itself might be distorted or exaggerated in some way. The expression overrides objective representation.这种流派的特征就是版画家在描写主观的情感，通过经典作品来整体表现出内在的实质而不是外在的形式。因此Longpr的形象可能会在某种意义上变形或是生硬化。象征主义就掩饰了主观的呈现。在该文就有第3题实地考察了. Expressionism象征主义：
According to the professor， what two aspects of Neel's work are characteristic of Expressionism? Click on 2 answers.
A. The depiction of unusual object
B. The way the subjects' faces are portrayed
C. The shape of the subjects' bodies
D. The use of color in the paintings
原该文的叙述是First， Neel’s use of bold color. All right? You’ll see she uses color to convey emotion and feeling， like the subjects’ clothing for instance， it appears brighter than it really is. And the subjects， the people being portrayed， Neel paid special attention to faces. The way she paints the eyes and how the faces are portrayed， these are quite realistic， like the realists’ work. But another thing Neel did was use elongated， sort of stretchy figures. Neel擅长使用非常大胆的颜色去整体表现感情和感受，比如像被画*类的衣著看起来比实际的要更明亮，而她所绘的人更注重面部，画人较为戏剧化，这是realism的充分体现，但对身材的叙述又会画的较为纤细，这又充分体现了象征主义，因此能看出特征分别是use of color相关联快捷键D和elongated， sort of stretchy figures。相关联快捷键C
除此之外在TPO1lecture1Rose Frantzen中也提及了Realism，而在这篇该该文版画家是将Impressionism超现实主义和Realism展开了结合，具体来说该该文对超现实主义的艺术古典风格展开了叙述，Impressionism started in the late 19th century. Um…the basic impressionist style was very different from earlier styles. It didn’t depict scenes or models exactly as they looked. Um…Impressionist painters tended to apply paint really thickly， and in big brushstrokes， so the texture of the canvas was rough.从该文的叙述她们能获得许多超现实主义原画技巧方面的特征，如：不是对*类展开如实的描写，原画时着墨很厚，常用大刷子，画布的质地较为粗糙，而在这段叙述中的许多词语也是在艺术类该该文反复出现且一定需要掌握的，比如：Impressionism超现实主义，depict描写，brushstroke画笔的一笔，canvas画布，除此之外，该文还介绍了Realism现实主义，对现实主义的叙述是 real honest depictions of subject matter， pretty unidealized stuff， and pretty everydaysubject matter， too.也就是会如实描写被画的*类，而常常画的一般来说也是许多日常物品和情景。
What does the professor imply about the painting of the young woman surrounded by pumpkins?
A It was painted at an art fair
B It combines Impressionism with Realism
C It convinced Frantzen that she was a good illustrator
D It was originally meant to be used in an advertisement
因为该文对这幅经典作品展开了非常细致的叙述：具体来说是经典作品反映realism的部分：One other painting I really want you to look at is of a young woman surrounded bypumpkins. You will notice that the woman’s face is so realistic looking that it’s almost like aphotograph. The woman’s nose is a little less than perfect and her hair is kind of messed up. Thisis realism. But then， the background of the painting， this woman with the pumpkins is wrappedin a blanket of broad thick brushstrokes， and， it’s all kinds of zigzagging brushstrokes and lines，kind of chaotic almost when you look at it close. And there are vibrant colors. There’s lots oforange， with little hints of an electric blue peeking out.对女性的容貌描写较为戏剧化，但对背景的处理使用了超现实主义的手法，因此第四题的答案应该是B It combines Impressionism with Realism，经典作品结合了现实主义和超现实主义的双重古典风格。
在TPO19 lecture4 Cecilia Beaux其中也有类似的考场，实地考察到版画家经典作品中反应了什么相应的先锋派，比如，该文第六题：
Why does the professor mention the French Impressionists?
identify other artists who often painted women and children
point out one of the influences on Cecilia Beaux's work
question the importance of Impressionism in portraiture
contrast their view of art with Cecilia Beax's vision
原文当中的叙述是Yes， the unclear background definitely contributes to that dreaminess. It is meant to show a sense of isolation I think. With the woman is deep in a daydream and not really aware of anything else. This painting shows how insightful Cecilia Beaux was as a portrait artist. Besides her excellent technical skills， like her use of brush strokes and color to make an impression， both respective come through. Her portraits reveal her own interpretation of her subject’s state of mind. This is what it is all about， not just ， the undefined background also shows how Cecilia Beaux was influenced by the French Impressionists， who believed， like Beaux， in a personal rather than conventional approach to their subject matter. Beaux used some impressionist techniques and share much of their phylosophy， but her style， it was all her own.该文明确指出Cecilia Beaux在画笔和颜色的使用方面充分体现了超现实主义，该文还强调她虽然受到了超现实主义的影响，但她仍然有自己的古典风格。因此该题的答案应该是B To point out one of the influences on Cecilia Beaux's work
Based on the discussion， what is the professor's attitude Inward portraiture?
A. The artist's technical skill is the most important aspect of a portrait.
B. An artist is seldom able to create an exact likeness of a subject.
C. A good portrait portrays the subject in are informal setting.
D. A good portrait portrays more than a physical image.
前该文强调Her portraits reveal her own interpretation of her subject’s state of mind. This is what it is all about， not just likenesses.也就是说Beaux虽然受到了超现实主义的影响但她在经典作品中充分体现了自己对被画*类神态状态的理解，Longpr了神韵而不仅仅是画的像。
Why did Frantzen go to the Sales Barn?
To study human form and movement
To earn money by painting portraits
To paint farm animals in an outdoor setting
To meet people who could model for her paining
该文相应的叙述是：One interesting thing I read about Franzten isthat when she first moved back to Iowa after living abroad， she often visited this place in hertown called the Sales Barn. And the Sales Barn， it was basically this place where the local farmersbought and sold their cattle， their farm animals. And the reason Frantzen went there， and shelater on would visit other places like dance halls， was to observe people and the ways that they moved. She really found that this helped her work---that it gave her an understanding of bodymovements and actions， how humans move， and stand still， what their postures were like， too.也就是说她去Sales Barn的原因在那些地方能够观察到许多人，这对她介绍人们的姿态动作和行为都非常有好处。
在TPO19 lecture4 Cecilia Beaux中也实地考察到了Beaux的经历，而她的个人经历*了她当时杰出的地位：该文实地考察了第二题：
2 What evidence does the professor cite to illustrate Cecilia Beaux's reputation as an artist? Click on 2 answers.
A. The instructors that she studied art with
B. Her role in professional art organizations
C. Her connection with an important politician's family
D. The features of her work that the Impressionists imitated
原文的叙述是：①Beaux became known as one of the best portrait painters in the United States. She was very successful. She even had portraits of the wife and children of Theodore Roosevelt， while he was president. Some did not get much more prestige than that.即她曾经画过罗斯福总统的夫人和孩子，很少有版画家能享有如此殊荣，该部分文本相关联C快捷键。②In fact， she was the first full-time female instructor at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts， and she was a full member of the National Academy of Design. These are pretty important institutions， so， yeah， she definitely made headway for women artists.除此之外她曾任职于许多非常重要的机构，如：她是宾夕法尼亚艺术*中心的*个全职女性讲师，也是国家*设计中的会员，相关联快捷键B那些文本都是她卓越地位的充分体现。