PET写作思路和常用句型

2022-05-06 来源:网络 作者:朗阁小编
邮件写作 先阅读一篇邮件,根据邮件里的内容和问题进行回复。首先需要了解邮件的格式,根据收件人的身份确定是正式还是非正式邮件,二者在称呼上有所不同。其次,要全部回答所有问题,并且每个问题都需要有一些拓展,比如阐述原因,理由,表达建议。*后,要注意句子间的连贯性与衔接性。另外,能够灵活运用一些句式也可以给整篇文章增添亮点。

PET写作包括二篇大作文,每篇要求100字左右,*篇邮件写作为必做题型,第二篇故事续写和话题作文为二选一。改革后的作文要求无论是从字数要求,时间把控,还是语言表达都增加了难度。

作文应该怎么写,如何能在较短时间内尽快熟悉写作思路,*写作水平,下面给大家简要介绍一下写作思路和一些常用句型。

Part 1 邮件写作

先阅读一篇邮件,根据邮件里的内容和问题进行回复。首先需要了解邮件的格式,根据收件人的身份确定是正式还是非正式邮件,二者在称呼上有所不同。其次,要全部回答所有问题,并且每个问题都需要有一些拓展,比如阐述原因,理由,表达建议。*后,要注意句子间的连贯性与衔接性。另外,能够灵活运用一些句式也可以给整篇文章增添亮点。

E-mail 常用句型

表达情感:

I’m happy to do/ I’m happy that 很高兴…

I’m excited to do/ I’m excited that 很激动…

I’m sorry that很遗憾…

I’m so tired / exhausted that I can’t do  我很累以至于不能…

I’m too tired to do 我太累不能做…

表达理由:

Because … 因为…

表达建议和观点:

In my opinion/ in my view 在我看来

It is better that.. 做..更好

It is better to do A than to do B 做A比做B更好

It is suitable that we do… 我们做…更适合

I suggest that we should do 我建议我们该做..

My suggestion is that 我建议…

I recommend that we should do我建议…

表达不能做的事:

I’m afraid that 恐怕…

I’m sorry that 很抱歉…

It’s a pity that 很遗憾…

表达感谢:

Thanks for your doing sth/ sth很感谢你做的…

It is great that you can help me do / do me a big favor. 你能帮我太好了

表达想做的事:

I’d like to do 我想做…

I’d prefer to do 我更喜欢做…

表示有问题要问:

My question is when/where/ how we will do 我要问的是我们何时/哪里/如何要…

I wonder if we can do 我想知道我们是否能…

注意:表达个人观点后要用二到三句话说明你的理由为什么赞同或反对

例题 1

Hi Alex,

I’m very happy to work with you about science presentation. I don’t think we should choose the rainforest as our topic, because it is strange to me. In my opinion, it is better to choose desert, both of us are good at it.

I have to say I will take a tennis course tomorrow. It will take me a few hours to attend the course. I’m afraid that I can’t prepare it with you tomorrow. I think we can start our preparation from the day after tomorrow.

If there’s no place in your house, you can come to my home. I think that we can prepare our presentation in my room, it is quiet and nobody will disturb us. So we have enough time to prepare it.

I would prefer to give our presentation in the afternoon as all the class will see it.

See you,

May

Part 2 故事续写

根据给的句子展开想象力完成一篇100字左右的短故事。故事的思路可以从现有的句子找突破口,一般给到的句子都会有人物,动作,地点,心情。因此完全可以从这几个方面进行拓展描写,比如可以从人物的感受,原因或者结果方面进行拓展。切记不要写流水账,推展故事情节的时候要体现故事的冲突或者高潮,可以运用心理,对话描写使故事更生动。时态要用过去时。

例题2

Jack climbed out of the boat and ran as fast as he could to the beach.

Jack climbed out of the boat and ran as fast as he could to the beach. Because a crocodile was swimming behind him quickly and nearly got close to him, he looked around and shouted to people loudly: “run﹗a crocodile is here﹗run﹗”  the tourists just looked at him and did not move. Suddenly, a huge crocodile rushed out of the water and ran to the crowed. People were so frightened that they cried and shouted, they ran to the nearest hotel as much as they could. Jack had rushed to the phone and called the police. Soon afterwards, the police arrived at the beach and caught the crocodile quickly. People could have a wonderful time on the beach again.

*句:题目已给

第二句:Because 引导原因, 过去进行时

第三句:he looked around… 描写动作, 过去进行时

第四句:run﹗a crocodile is here﹗run﹗间接引语

第五句:suddenly 引导转折

第六句:so frightened that 描写结果,so… that 为考点句型

第七句:the nearest hotel  as much as they could, 继续描写故事进展,

第八句:had rushed 过去完成时描写进展

第九句:soon afterwards 时间递进描述结尾

Part 3  话题作文

涉及的话题都是一些贴近生活的内容,比如购物, 游戏,体育运动,爱好,交友的问题。首先,回答全部问题,并对每个问题进行解释说明,按照问题个数分配段落。每个段落要由中心句。另外,如果需要举例,例子要和本段的观点一致。*后,要注意运用连接词。

例题3

Many people usually go shopping in different places. So do I. I like shopping when I choose various products I prefer, such as cookies and cake. It is happy to taste a lot of food after shopping, which can make me relax. However, when I have no idea about how to choose my goods among a wide range of products, and wait for a long time in the queue, I really dislike the feeling of shopping.

Many shopping centers often put up posters on sale to attract more customers, or they may offer some delicious food to customers to taste for free, even they hold some promotions to attract people to buy what they want.

In short, I like choosing on my own and eating yummy food after shopping and hate waiting in the queue. Shopping centers usually use posters, free goods and promotions to appeal customers.

*段

*句:背景句, 总结题干现象,背景句要有题干词,不要写与题目无关的话

第二句:表明喜欢的观点

I like … , such as A and B. (举例说明)

So do I 我也是 (倒装句)

第三句:拓展喜欢的理由

It is happy to taste a lot of food after shopping, which can make me relax. (非限定性定语从句解释说明)

第四句:反面论述不喜欢的理由

转折词:however/ but

理由一:have no idea about how to …

理由二:and wait … in the queue. (连接理由句)

第二段

第五句:商家的办法一

Many shopping centers often… to attract more customers

第六句:商家办法二

or they may offer some delicious food to customers to taste for free  (引导第二个办法)

第七句;商家办法三

even they hold some promotions to attract people to buy what they want (进一步说明)

第三段

第八句: 结尾总结喜欢和不喜欢的理由

In short/ In a word 总之

In short, I like choosing on my own and eating yummy food after shopping and hate waiting in the queue

第九句:总结商家的办法

Shopping centers usually use posters, free goods and promotions to appeal customers.

句型拓展

表达好处:

benefit/ advantage/ strong point 优势

There are some benefits about sth. The first benefit is that…, The second advantage is that… 关于…有一些好处。*是…, 第二是…

表达坏处:

weak point/ disadvantage 缺点

However, there are some weak points about sth. First of all, … Secondly,  … 然而,关于…有一些缺点, 首先,… 第二, …

The most obvious weak point is that …  Another disadvantage is that.. *明显的问题是…,。另一个缺点是…

表达原因:

The first reason is that many exciting video games can make people feel happy, excited and relaxed. 首要原因是电动游戏使人们 感到快乐,兴奋,放松。

The second reason is that… 第二个原因是…

Another reason is that.. 另一个原因是…


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