托福听力考试做题技巧有哪些?

2022-02-12 来源:网络 作者:朗阁小编
无论是托福听力对话还是讲座,做细节题的关键都是做好听力笔记,根据笔记做题。细节题更是极其依赖听力笔记的题型。细节题只考查重要细节,通常是与主旨相关的,不会考到很细小的细节。总之,需要关注概念解释、事物特征、比较、例子、因果转折后和强调后的内容,做好笔记。如果笔记做的不是很好,无法确定正确选项,就选择一个*符合会话或讲座主题的选项。

托福的听力课考试中,难度*大的还是细节题,该怎样进行准备呢?接下来就和小编一起来看看托福听力考试细节题怎么解?

细节题 (detail questions) 考查考生对托福听力对话或讲座重要细节的理解。50%的托福听力题是细节题。每一个托福对话或讲座都至少会出2~3到细节题。细节题主要考查与对话或讲座主旨相关的重要细节。

例如:重要概念的定义或解释,事物、现象或理论的特点,以及教授讲解时所列举的重要例子等等。

细节题常见的问题形式

1. What is X?

2. Which of the area does the picture illustrate?

3. According to the professor, what is one way that X can affect Y?

4. According to the professor, what is the main problem with the X theory?

5. Why does the university do X?

6. What resulted from the invention of the X?

7. Why does the professor mention...?

做题技巧

无论是托福听力对话还是讲座,做细节题的关键都是做好听力笔记,根据笔记做题。细节题更是极其依赖听力笔记的题型。细节题只考查重要细节,通常是与主旨相关的,不会考到很细小的细节。总之,需要关注概念解释、事物特征、比较、例子、因果转折后和强调后的内容,做好笔记。如果笔记做的不是很好,无法确定正确选项,就选择一个*符合会话或讲座主题的选项。

引出答案的信号词和信号句

1. 当教授用5W-H ( what, who, when, where, why, how)自问自答时,回答常常是细节题的答案。

2. 下定义或解释概念

That is why they are called...

Basically, what this says...

The general definition is...

... is know/defined as...

The term means...

3. 表建议

Why not/ Why don’t you...

You should...

What about/ How about...

You’d better...

I suggest / recommend...

Have you tried...

4. 表特征

The main feature(s)/ character(s)/ characteristic(s)/ is/ are...

Concerning X’s appearance...

X is made up of ...

They can.../ They can be used ...

5. 表转折

but, however, in fact,

actually, yet, while, unless...

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