干货 | 雅思口语*评分思路揭秘,为你的口语备考指一条明路!

2021-11-10 来源:网络 作者:朗阁小编
十一月即将过半,此时此刻,你是刚刚踏上申请的长征,开启了雅思备考之旅。还是想抓住申请季的尾巴,再刷冲呢?不论你属于哪类考鸭,口语,一定是你备考的重难点。

十一月即将过半,此时此刻,你是刚刚踏上申请的长征,开启了雅思备考之旅。还是想抓住申请季的尾巴,再刷冲*呢?不论你属于哪类考鸭,口语,一定是你备考的重难点。

*打分到底咋想的?改正哪里才能实现突破?为了解决你们的困惑,助你们高效*口语能力,拿下理想分数,雅思官方*在此对中外考生实例点评,揭露各分数段评分依据。

评分人的脑回路,即将在你面前曝光,为你的口语备考指一条明路。Ready? Go!

考生A - 成绩:6.5 分

Examiner comments *评语:

The candidate is able tokeep speaking, with only occasional, short hesitations to search for words or reformulate a sentence.  He uses a range of cohesive devices (you know; and beside that; another thing is that) effectively, and his answer is always coherent.  He demonstrates a range of vocabulary, including some less common words (streamlined shape; reverse cone) and uses some natural-sounding collocations (from step to step; it was really impressive).  There is an occasional inappropriate choice of phrase (out of the box of normal design; the process of the designing), and he sometimes omits a word (one of this building should be one PART of this building), but the meaning that he is trying to convey is still apparent. There are some occasional, minor grammatical errors, for example with dropped articles (it’s not like normal building) and verb tense (I didn’t initially saw it) but these errors do not interfere with the comprehensibility of his response, and his control of grammar is generally quite good.  His pronunciation is generally clear though control of intonation is mixed.  Certain slips in pronunciation cause occasional loss of clarity (For example, he pronounces the words sketch/sketching as scratch/scratching.  He also pronounces the TH sound in thatas dat, and the way he says the word explanation is not very clear).

该考生整体表达较流畅,为了选词或重述某句话偶尔出现短暂停顿。考生有效运用了许多衔接性的表达(如you know; and beside that; another thing is that),逻辑清晰连贯。考生词汇量丰富,运用了一些非常见词汇(如streamlined shape; reverse cone )和比较自然的惯用搭配(如from step to step; it was really impressive )。个别短语搭配不当(如out of the box of normal design; the process of the designing ),有的地方出现了漏词(如one PART of thisbuilding说成了one of this building ),不过意思表达仍然比较清晰。考生出现了几处小的语法错误,例如缺失冠词(如it’s not like normal building )、动词时态错误(如I didn’t initially saw it ),但这些小错并未影响考生回答的完整性和可理解性,而且考生对语法的掌握整体上非常好。考生对语调的控制不够稳定,但其发音整体上比较清晰。个别地方出现了吞音现象,导致意思表达不清晰(如将sketch/sketching 读成了scratch/scratching )。考生还将单词that中的“TH”读成了dat中的音。此外,考生对单词explanation的发音也不是很清晰。

In this part, thecandidate’s performance reaches 6.5.

该考生在这一部分的表现达到了6.5分的标准。

考生B - 成绩:7分

Examiner comments *评语:

The candidate speaks at length without noticeable effort. Any hesitations are minimal (It was a red…building). She also uses a range of connectives and discourse markers to connect her ideas. Some of these connectives are quite common (and; so) but they are used smoothly, and she also uses less common connectives (Right above (this courtyard); on the highest floor). She uses vocabulary flexibly, showing evidence of an ability to easily switch to less common vocabulary (arch; elegant; transparent roof). There are also examples of effective paraphrasing. There is some inappropriate use of vocabulary (awarded buildings in my province), but she shows a wide enough range of vocabulary to be a band 7. She also demonstrates a wide range of grammar with only very occasional inaccuracies (The one thing special about this building is they have this big arch in front of the steps of the library; When you walk into the door of this library, you’ll see this courtyard). There are some inaccuracies, like mixing different tenses (It was a red building that is made of bricks). She shows a wide range of pronunciation features, like stress and intonation. There is some evidence of her L1 accent (Chinese) but it doesn’t really affect her ability to be understood. There are some small issues that would prevent her from getting 8(For example, the pronunciation of the word friends sounds a little bit like freends).

该考生可以不费力地给出详尽的答案,偶尔出现停顿的地方也不是很明显(如It was a red…building )。为了使逻辑更清晰,考生运用了许多连接词和话语标记词,其中包括一些十分常见的连接词(如and; so )——用得非常顺畅,也有很多非常见的连接词(如Right above (this courtyard); on the highest floor )。考生词汇运用灵活,能够轻松使用非常见词汇(如arch; elegant; transparent roof )。此外,考生还有效运用了改述技巧。虽然有些词汇运用不当(如awarded buildings in my province ),但考生的词汇量十分丰富,已达到7分的标准。考生的语法知识十分丰富,仅有个别地方语法不准确(如The one thing special about this building is they have this big arch in front of the steps of the library; When you walk into the door of this library, you’ll see this courtyard ),如时态混用(It was a red building that is made of bricks)。考生运用了很多发音技巧,如重音和重读,虽然有的地方带有口音(*人),但这并未影响考生清晰表达自己的意思。考生未能达到8分标准,因为仍有一些小问题需要注意(如单词friends的发音有点像freends )。

This candidate is a clear example of a Band 7 (and possibly Band 8 for pronunciation).

该考生是雅思口语 7 分(发音部分或达到 8 分标准)的一个典型例子。

考生C - 成绩:6分

Examiner comments *评语:

The candidate is willing to answer the examiner’s questions and provide details even though the examiner needs to ask quite a few follow-up questions to get an expanded answer. Frequent hesitations and repetitions affect the fluency which prevents the candidate from reaching a Band 7 for fluency and coherence. In general, the candidate uses appropriate vocabulary tomake herself understood and her range is sufficient for Band 6. even though some inappropriacies exist (relax them; internationals). In terms of grammatical range and accuracy, the candidate shows an understanding of simple and complex structures, however her use is quite limited and there are frequent mistakes (the city are overcrowded; the committee have; how the history like). The candidate’s pronunciation fluctuates and even though she can be generally understood throughout the test, there is limited control and some mispronunciation which affect clarity (magazine; culture; fund; economy).

该考生积极回答*的问题,虽然*需要提出多个后续问题时,来引导考生展开回答,但考生的答案也已经包含了细节。考生回答过程中频繁出现迟疑停顿和重复,影响了流利度和连贯性,导致其未能拿到7 分的成绩。整体而言,该考生用词恰当,表意较清晰,虽然出现了几处用词不当的情况(如relax them; internationals ),但整体上达到了 6 分的标准。从语法和准确性方面来看,该考生对简单句式和复杂句式有一定的掌握,但其实际运用的句式非常有限,而且多次出错(如the city are overcrowded; the committee have; how the history like )。虽然从整体上看,考生的意思表达得比较清晰,但她的发音不太稳定,部分单词发音有误,影响了考生的表达清晰度(如magazine;culture; fund; economy )。

The candidate’s performance fits Band 6.

考生口语达到6分标准。

考生D - 成绩:6.5 分

Examiner comments *评语:

The candidate speaks at length without noticeable effort, with very little hesitation or self-correction. She uses a number of cohesive devices and connectives in an appropriate manner (because; but; for example), however, the range is quite limited.The candidate demonstrates a wide enough vocabulary to discuss topics at length, and she conveys her ideas and opinions effectively. However, she rarely uses some less common and idiomatic vocabulary, and she makes a number of inaccurate word choices(defend instead of offend; the collocation listen totheir route). A range of structures is used, but more variety is needed to achieve a higher band score.She also makes a number of mistakes throughout, though they do not impede conversation in any way (too many pollutions; there are still some people they like travelling by group). As for pronunciation, she is easy to understand the whole time, and uses a range of pronunciation features to good effect. In particular, she uses intonation well to indicate the end of a sentence (by lowering her tone). To achieve a higher score in pronunciation, she needs to develop her stress patterns at the sentence level, which will help her make more precise distinctions when conveying meaning.

该考生回答详细、充分,表达自然,很少出现迟疑或自我更正的情况。考生恰当运用了大量衔接性表达和连接词(如because; but; for example ),但此类表达的储备量非常有限。考生的词汇量非常丰富,能够对相关话题做出详细回答,而且意思和观点表达清晰。不过,考生很少用到非常见的*词汇和习语,并且许多地方用词不当(如 offend说成了 defend; listen to their route搭配不当)。考生运用了众多不同的句式结构,但要想得到更高的分数,考生在这方面还有待进一步*。此外,虽然考生全程对话较流畅,但出现了很多错误(如too many pollutions; there are still some people they like travelling by group)。发音方面,考生自始至终表述清晰,便于*理解,并且运用了许多发音技巧,效果良好,尤其是对句子末尾的语调掌控较好(句尾降低音调)。为了在发音方面得到更高的分数,考生需要进一步*单词重读方面的技巧,以便在传达信息时更加准确地区分信息重点。

This is a good example of a band 6.5 speaker.

该考生是雅思口语 6.5 分的一个典型例子。

考生E - 成绩:7分

Examiner comments *评语:

The candidate is able to answer questions straight away without lengthy pauses.While some questions are answered with brief responses, others contain plenty of elaboration. Longer responses are logically sequenced. The sentences this candidate produces contain ample substitution. She makes some small errors that do not reduce communicative effect(…if there is enough career opportunities…; It get people become lazier). There is evidence of uncommon lexis that is relevant to the topic(career opportunities; core of a family) and there is evidence of collocations(along the river) and paraphrasing (shelter them). Clarity is sometimes lost (you came out remoted with a remoter) but her range of lexis also allows for precision of expression(thiss o-called Chinese miracle). The candidate generally applies appropriate stress patterns. Some mispronunciations can obscure clarity of individual words (hectic > hattic; medical curtum).

该考生能够直接回答*的问题,中间未出现较长停顿。考生的部分回答很简短,但其他问题回答得比较详细,而且逻辑清晰。考生运用的句式结构十分丰富。虽然考生出现了几处小错误,但这并不影响双方交流(如…if there is enough career opportunities…; It get people become lazier)。考生在表述相关话题时用到了一些非常见词汇(如career opportunities; core of a family ),还运用了短语搭配(如along the river )和改述(如shelter them )。有的地方意思表达不清晰(如you came out remoted with a remoter ),但考生词汇量较丰富,可以准确传达出自己的意思(如this so-called Chinese miracle )。整体而言,该考生对重音/重度的掌握较好,个别单词发音不准确(如hectic > hattic; medical curtum),导致表达不够清晰。

In this part, the candidate’s performance reaches Band 7.

该考生在这一部分的表现达到了7分标准。

通过以上的实例,大家或许发现,*对每位学生的评价都有一些“规律”可循。没错!这是因为雅思口语有着固定的评分标准,以*你获得的分数是有理有据打出来的,评分标准分为以下四项:

• 流利性与连贯性

• 词汇多样性

• 语法多样性及准确性

• 发音

所以不论你是谁,在哪一个城市考试,雅思*都会按照这四项标准,评估你在真实场景下的口语水平,希望以分数来反应你的实际英语能力,帮助你和所申请的院校判断你的英语能力是否足够支持你到国外学习和生活。

分数很重要,但实力才是*的基础,希望各位考鸭都能在备考的过程中扎实学习,*能力,为未来做好准备。


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