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雅思阅读有什么高效快速并保持正确率的方法?

来源:朗阁教育 2019-10-30 编辑:yawen 316人看过 10万人已领免费资料    雅思托福0元试学

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最近雅思阅读频上微博热搜,这个现象的主要原因是匹配题的大量出现使雅思阅读的难度提升,导致烤鸭们不能在有限的时间内完成所有的阅读题目——匹配题难度大且量多,所以烤鸭们做题时间完全不够,只能草率的作出判断进而导致正确率下降。

内容要求:

1)如果想要提高阅读速度和正确率有什么比较好的做法和建议,麻烦老师通过具体阅读题目举例说明。

2)有哪些杂志或者书,是比较适合练习提高阅读速度的?

字数要求:

2000字

最近雅思阅读频上微博热搜,这个现象的主要原因是匹配题的大量出现使雅思阅读的难度提升,导致烤鸭们不能在有限的时间内完成所有的阅读题目——匹配题难度大且量多,所以烤鸭们做题时间完全不够,只能草率的作出判断进而导致正确率下降。那么如何在有限时间内快速高效的做题并保持正确率?本文将围绕这个主题进行分析,希望烤鸭们看完可以有一些收获。

根据朗阁海外考试研究中心通过对过去题目总结发现,烤鸭们雅思阅读错误率比较高的题型一般集中于heading题和配对题。前者难在于词汇量大,主题句难寻,段落结构不清晰,后者主要针对段落细节配对题,因为它本身的乱序特点,主要难点在于词汇量大,难于定位。在考试的时候合理的协调各个题型的时间安排才能让烤鸭们更好的完成所有的题型并保持原有的正确率,所以怎么最有效的安排时间才是烤鸭们需要提升做题速度的关键。本文将围绕这两个题型以及如何和其他的题型同时进行做题来有效的提升做题效率。

1. Heading题

Heading题针对整篇文章按顺序原则一段一段完成,烤鸭们可以在做heading题的同时完成其他题型,这样可以有效率的针对文章一段的内容完成所有相关的题目,按这样的方式做题,基本上只要一篇文章读完,那所有的题目也完成了。而不是按照题型顺序去文章中找答案一道一道的完成,因为这样的话烤鸭们有可能会出现为了找所有题目的答案浏览文章好几遍的情况。笔者将通过heading题跟不同题型搭配举例说明如何通过同步进行做题的方式来提高做题效率。

(1) Heading题和判断题

以剑八Test1Passage2第一段为例

[A] An accident that occurred in the skies over the Grand Canyon in 1956 resulted in the establishment of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to regulate and oversee the operation of aircraft in the skies over the United States, which were becoming quite congested. The resulting structure of air traffic control has greatly increased the safety of flight in the United States, and similar air traffic control procedures are also in place over much of the rest of the world.

针对这一段可以同时完成heading题14题和判断题20题。本段第一句话中介绍了一次事故an accident以及其结果resulted in, 即建立起FAA来管理和监督越来越拥挤的天空。因此正好对应heading题中的ii选项Aviation disaster prompts action。而这一句正好对应第20题The FAA was created as a result of the introduction of the jet engine中FAA创立的原因为1956年的accident,与题干原因jet engine不一致,故此题答案为FALSE。

(2) Heading题和选择题

以剑九Test4Passage3第二段为例

[B] Recently, however, attitudes towards history and the way it should be presented have altered. The key word in heritage display is now 'experience', the more exciting the better and, if possible, involving all the senses. Good examples of this approach in the UK are the Jorvik Centre in York; the National Museum of Photography, Film and Television in Bradford; and the Imperial War Museum in London.In the US the trend emerged much earlier: Williamsburg has been a prototype for many heritage developments in other parts of the world. No one can predict where the process will end. On so-called heritage sites the re- enactment of historical events is increasingly popular, and computers will soon provide virtual reality experiences, which will present visitors with a vivid image of the period of their choice, in which they themselves can act as if part of the historical environment. Such developments have been criticized as an intolerable vulgarization, but the success of many historical theme parks and similar locations suggests that the majority of the public does not share this opinion.

针对这一段可以同时完成heading题27题和选择题32题。B段从第三句开始就呈现例子,所以很容易确定这个段落是总分结构,因此前两句就变得尤其重要了。27题Mixed views on current changes to museums题干里的current changes对应于原文第一句中的...presented have altered。题干中的mixed views对应于原文最后一句中的...suggests that the majority of the public does not share this opinion。32题According to the writer, current trends in the heritage industry题干中的定位词current trends, heritage industry可以对应到B段前两句“Recently, however, attitudes towards history and the way it should be presented have altered. The key word in heritage display is now 'experience', the more exciting the better and, if possible, involving all the senses.”其中第二句话对应选项A中的emphasize personal involvement.

(3) Heading题和summary

以剑八Test2Passage2第二段为例

[B] The Little Ice Age lasted from roughly 1300 until the middle of the nineteenth century. Only two centuries ago, Europe experienced a cycle of bitterly cold winters; mountain glaciers in the Swiss Alps were the lowest in-recorded memory, and pack ice surrounded Iceland for much of the year. The climatic events of the Little Ice Age did more than help shape the modern world. They are the deeply important context for the current unprecedented global warming. The Little Ice Age was far from a deep freeze, however; rather an irregular seesaw of rapid climatic shifts, few lasting more than a quarter-century, driven by complex and still little understood interactions between the atmosphere and the ocean. The seesaw brought cycles of intensely cold winters and easterly winds, then switched abruptly to years of heavy spring and early summer rains, mild winters, and frequent Atlantic storms, or to periods of droughts, light northeasterly winds, and summer heat waves.

针对这一段可以同时完成heading题14题和summary20,21,22题。B段首句指出,小冰期大致从公元1300年持续到19世纪中期,且整段话就是在描述小冰期对于现在的一些影响。因此14题答案为ii The relevance of the Little Ice Age today。20题We can deduce that the Little Ice Age was a time of 20 , rather than of consistent freezing这一题定位很难,出现了严重的乱序。题干中定位词consistent freezing对应B段定位句中的deep freeze。空格中所填词应与consistent freezing的意思相反,故此题答案为A climatic shifts。21和22题在同一句中Within it there were some periods of very cold winters, others of 21 and heavy rain, and yet others that saw 22 with no rain at all.按照顺序原则较易定位,根据定位词cold winters定位到本段最后一句,空格中所填词应与heavy rains形成并列,故此题答案为H storms。22题此空所填词为with no rain所修饰的对象,其对应文中的droughts。通过扫描剩余选项以及文中对应的最后一句,很容易得到答案。故此题答案为G heat waves。

2. 段落细节配对题

段落细节配对题因为乱序的关系,需要浏览整篇文章找寻对应的答案,因此非常费时且麻烦。所以如果烤鸭们在考试的时候碰到较多的配对题,那几乎不太可能在保证速度的同时精准的完成所有题。因此在完成这个题的时候,烤鸭们可以再浏览段落找寻细节的同时完成其他的题型。跟之前heading题做法类似,针对一段内容完成所有相关的题目,进而避免多次浏览全篇文章找答案。笔者将通过段落细节配对题跟不同题型搭配举例说明如何同步进行做题的方式来提高做题效率。

(1) 段落细节配对题和匹配题,填空题

以剑十Test2Passage2第一段为例

[A] Internationally, 'giftedness' is most frequently determined by a score on a general intelligence test, known as an IQ test, which is above a chosen cutoff point, usually at around the top 2- 5%. Children's educational environment contributes to the IQ score and the way intelligence is used. For example, a very close positive relationship was found when children's IQ scores were compared with their home educational provision (Freeman,2010). The higher the children's IQ scores, especially over IQ 130, the better the quality of their educational backup, measured in terms of reported verbal interactions with parents, number of books and activities in their home etc. Because IQ tests are decidedly influenced by what the child has learned, they are to some extent measures of current achievement based on age-norms; that is, how well the children have learned to manipulate their knowledge and know-how within the terms of the test. The vocabulary aspect, for example, is dependent on having heard those words. But IQ tests can neither identify the processes of learning and thinking nor predict creativity.

针对这一段可以同时完成段落细节配对题14题和匹配题21题以及填空题23题。14题a reference to the influence of the domestic background on the gifted child问家庭环境的影响,在文章A段中第三四句有对该内容的表述,其中题目中domestic background在原文中的同义替换为home educational provision以及educational backup。因此本题答案为A。21题The very gifted child benefits from appropriate support from close relatives本题说到来自于亲属的支持,在原文当中也是对应到第三句home educational provision即support from close relatives,而在原文随后一句也提到了educational backup, 这一表达是Freeman的观点。因此本题答案为A。 23题One study found a strong connection between children’s IQ and the availability of _____and _____at home.本题问到儿童的智商分数和家庭中某些内容的联系,根据原文我们不难判断这一内容出现在同一句中,题目中的at home这一部分在原文中的对应内容为第四句中reported verbal interactions with parents, number of books and activities in their home etc.,而本题需要填人的是两个并列的名词,根据本句和原文句子在含义和内容上的对应,此题答案应为books和activities。

烤鸭们在准备雅思考试的开始可以先针对每一种题型进行练习提高准确率。当基本上所有题型的准确率达到自身的要求后,再根据上文提到的方式进行练习,提高多题同时进行的熟悉度和灵活性,最好能练习比较长的一段时间养成习惯,并能计时在20分钟内完成所有题目,然后再去参加考试。

另外,烤鸭们如果有比较长的准备时间且想要真正的提升自身的阅读能力,可以去阅读一些原汁原味的英语文章。雅思阅读主要是关于社会科学和自然科学等,包括历史中的重要人物、事件和发明,生物学,科学现象、学科最新动向、地理现象以及社会发展、经济状况等。其中大部分文章选自国外人文类、经济类和科学类的知名报纸、杂志或各国际组织的研究报告。所以烤鸭们有能力且有空闲的话可以去阅读一些国外杂志比如《经济学人》(The Economist) 经济学人是雅思阅读题目来源之一,所以是练习阅读的重要材料。经济学人一贯坚持客观的观点和独创的洞察力,拥护全球经济和政治自由。如果觉得不好订国外的杂志可以在网站http://www.economist.com/ 上看相关的一些文章。《新科学家》(New Scientists)是全世界最为知名的科学普及杂志。文章全部由世界知名获奖科学记者撰写,向读者提供社会、经济及环境等全方面各项最新、最有趣的研究成果。New Scientist也是常见的英语考试阅读题源,所以每天读几篇其中的文章,可以训练逻辑思维,掌握阅读文章可能的写作手法。相应的网站为http://www.newscientist.com。还有一些杂志可以参考比如《BBC 聚焦》(BBC Focus)《纽约客》(New Yorker) 《科学美国人》(Scientific American)《时代》(Time)等。

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