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KET口语问答攻略

来源:朗阁教育 2021-03-19 编辑:朗阁小编 雅思托福0元试学

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口语应试技巧

口语应试技巧

一、朗读。

——题干要求:给你50秒钟时间准备朗读。当听到“开始录音”的信号后,立即在80秒钟内朗读短文一遍, 当听到要求“停止录音”的信号时,应立即中止朗读。 要求学生能比较流利地朗读一篇所学课文或者难度略低于所学语言材料的内容。着重考查学生的语言、句子重读、连读、不完全爆破、意群和停顿、升调和降调以及流畅程度。

由于有50秒钟可以准备,考生可以做如下准备:

1.划分意群。所谓意群,就是语句的基本构成单元,句子中根据句法结构和逻辑关系必须停顿的若干部分,一个能够表示*小语义单位的单词或词组。较长的主语、谓语、宾语、介词短语、宾语补足语、状语、后置定语等都可以成为一个意群。对于从句,引导词前面的为一个意群,后边的为另一个意群。在准备的时间里,先给文段划分意群,朗读时以意群为单位进行停顿。如:

Last Saturday afternoon, /I was visiting my friend.//She knocked aflower pot/ from her window by accident.// It broke on the ground below/ andnarrowly missed/ some children.// No one was hurt, /so we said nothing /andwent to the cinema. //After we returned, /we learnt /that the police had beento the flats/ and questioned everyone/ about the pot. //My friend /was tooafraid /to talk to the police. //Now/ I feel guilty /and don’t know /what todo.//

2.语调和重读。语调要根据意思的表达,升降有序。语调需要从平日里的练习得来,但考试时要有这个意识。感受以下语调:

总体来说,强调的地方要重读。通常降调的要重读,反义疑问的声调要重读,动词要重读。下面是几个例子(|表意群,↗表升调,↘表降调,→表平调):

I see ↗animals | in the ↘zoo.

Do ↗you→ want to | →have a ↗look? I see ↗tigers | → running ↘fast.

The↗ more →we get↗ together, | the↘happier ↗we will↘ be.

When the ↗sun comes ↗out, | then I →shout, | “Help →me, | Iwill↗melt↘away.”

Great↗ changes / →have taken↘ place/in ↗China / →in the past ↗ten↘years.

The ↗young →man / is my ↗brother / who↗ joined →the army / →three years↘ago. Three ↗passions, /simple but overwhelmingly ↗strong, / →have governed my↘life: /→the longing for ↗love, /the search for ↗knowledge, /and →unbearablepity / for the↗ suffering of↘ mankind.

3.适当连读但不可以追求过多连读,过犹不及。 英语里,如果前一个词的为音的辅音而后一个词的首音是元音,一般可以连读,如 take away. 另外,还有很多可以连读的情况。

1)、“辅音辅音辅音辅音+元音元音元音元音”型型型型连读 在同一个意群里,如果相邻两词中的前一个词是以辅音结尾,后一个词是以元音开头,这就要将辅音与元音拼起来连读。

I’m~an~English boy. It~is~an~old book. Let me have~a look~at~it. MsBlack worked in~an~office last~yesterday. I called~you half~an~hour~ago.Put~it~on, please. Not~at~all. Please pick~it~up.

2)、“辅音辅音辅音辅音+半元音半元音半元音半元音”型连读 英语语音中的/j/和/w/是半元音,如果前一个词是以辅音结尾,后一个词是以半元音,特别是/j/开头,此时也要连读。

Thank~you. Nice to meet~you. Did~you get there late~again? Would~youlike~a cup~of tea? Could~you help me, please? “音的同化”—常把/d/+/j/读成/dv/,didyou听上成了/didvu/,would you成了/wudvu/,could you成了/kudvu/。

3)、“元音元音元音元音+元音元音元音元音”型连读如果前一个词以元音结尾,后一个词以元音开头,这两个音往往也要自然而不间断地连读到一起。

I~am Chinese. He~is very friendly to me. She wants to study~English.How~and why did you come here? She can’t carry~it. It’ll take you three~hoursto walk there. The question is too~easy for him to answer.

4)、“r/re+元音元音元音元音”型型型型连读如果前一个词是以-r或者-re结尾,后一个词是以元音开头,这时的r或re不但要发/r/,而且还要与后面的元音拼起来连读。

They’re my father~and mother. I looked for~it here~and there.There~is a football under~it. There~are some books on the desk. Here~is aletter for you. Here~are four~eggs. But where~is my cup? Where~are yourbrother~and sister?

但是,如果一个音节的前后都有字母r,即使后面的词以元音开头,也不能连读。 The black clouds arecoming nearer and nearer.(nearer与and不可连读)

5)、当短语或从句之间按意群进行停顿停顿停顿停顿时,意群与意群之间即使有两个相邻的辅音与元音出现,也不可连读也不可连读也不可连读也不可连读。

Is~it a~hat or a cat?(hat与or之间不可以连读)

There~is~a good book in my desk. (book与in之间不可以连读)

Can you speak~English or French? (English与or之间不可以连读)

Shall we meet at~eight or ten tomorrow morning? (meet与 at,eight与or之间不可以连读)

She opened the door and walked~in. (door与and之间不可以连读)

4. 不完全爆破 失去爆破失去爆破失去爆破失去爆破6个爆破音有个爆破音有个爆破音有个爆破音有3对对对对/p/,,,,/b/,,,,/t/,,,,/d/,,,,/k/,,,,/g/ 失去爆破,又叫不完全爆破,就是在某些情况下,只须做出发音的准备,但并不发音,稍稍停顿后就发后面的音。 (1)“爆破音+爆破音”型 6个爆破音中的任意2个相临时,前一个爆破音会失去爆破,即由相关的发音器官做好这个发音的姿势,稍做停顿后即发后面的爆破音。

The girl in the re(d) coat was on a bla(ck) bike jus(t) now.

The bi(g) bus from the fa(c) tory is full of people.

Wha(t) time does he get up every morning?

This is an ol(d) pi(c)ture of a bi(g) car.

The ol(d) do(c)tor has a ca(t), too.

We’re going to work on a farm nex(t) Tuesday.

What would you like, ho(t) tea or bla(ck) coffee?

It’s a very col(d) day, but it’s a goo(d) day.

You can put i(t) down in the bi(g) garden.

I bought a chea(p) book, but it’s a goo(d) book.

(2)“爆破音+摩擦音”型如果前面是爆破音,其后紧跟着某些摩擦音(如/f/,/s/,/W/,/T/等),那么前面那个爆破音仅有十分轻微的爆破,而后面那个摩擦音则要完全爆破。

Goo(d) morning, Mr. Bell.

Goo(d) morning, dear.

Uncle Li’s fa(c)tory is qui(te) near to the cinema.

I wen(t) there alone a(t) nine las(t) night.

-Do you know his bi(ke) number? -Sorry, I don’(t) know.

The forty-firs(t) lesson is qui(te) difficult.

Goo(d) luck, Lin Tao

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