4. 强化观点间联系/ Sequencing ideas ：The former, … the latter, Firstly, secondly, finally. The first point is, Lastly, The following
举个例子：Marketing and finance are both covered in the course. The former is studied in the first term and the latter is studied in the final term.
Firstly, … secondly, … finally (or lastly ) 在陈列信息时很有用;
举个例子：The following people have been chosen to go on the training course: N Peters, C Jones and A Owen.
5. 给出结果时/Giving a result ：Therefore, Consequently, As a result ,
举个例子：The companies are expanding. Therefore / So / Consequently / As a result , they are taking on extra staff.
6. 表示比较、转折、让步等时：Contrasting ideas :But, However, although / even, though Unlike, In theory… in, practice…, Nonetheless, While, Whereas, Despite / despite the fact that, In spite of / in spite of the fact that, Nevertheless
举例子：He works hard, but he doesn't earn much.
He works hard. However , he doesn't earn much
While my sister has blue eyes, mine are brown.
Taxes have gone up, whereas social security contributions have gone down.
Unlike in the UK, the USA has cheap petrol.
While , whereas and unlike 用于表达两件事物很不同时。
Although , despite and in spite of 的用法：用了这些词，你就把一个完整的句子分两半了。多用于让步。
例如：Although it was cold, she went out in shorts.
In spite of the cold, she went out in shorts.
Nevertheless and nonetheless 的用法：其实就是 in spite of that or anyway的意思 .建议要7分的同学试着用。
例如：The sea was cold, but he went swimming nevertheless . (In spite of the fact that it was cold.)
The company is doing well. Nonetheless , they aren't going to expand this year