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雅思写作真题解析

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 当拿到一道大作文题目去分析时,我们不仅仅需要去读懂题目本身的意思,同时还得了解到题目所涉及的是哪一类话题,它所考察的是一个什么能力,题目中是否有一些关键词需要格外注意以及对于这道题目所能想到的一些观点论证。本文中,朗阁海外考试研究中心的老师将和大家一起探讨两道典型的教育类话题。

 

As part of education, students should spend a period of time studying and living in a different country to learn its language and culture. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

 

审题

题目翻译:作为教育的一部分,学生应该要花一段时间去海外学习和生活来学习当地的语言和文化。你在多大程度上同意或者不同意?

 

能力考查:这个教育类话题是同意不同意的考试指令,考查考生对于*所呈现的社会现象或所表达的观点是否能够清晰地给出自己的想法并加以有效论证。一般来讲,碰到这种指令,理论上是可以写完全支持或者反对的,但是还是建议大家尽量尝试用折中的写法,即部分同意部分反对。这种一分为二的思考方式可以在考场上帮助你快速想出观点并进行有效作答,另外这种答题模式也不太会发生偏题的情况。

 

框架构造Partly agree

1. 开头段(用于引出题目背景,并且表明自己的态度)

2. 论证出国学习和生活对于学习语言和文化的重要性

3. 但是,反面论证这种做法对于部分学生是不现实的

4. 结尾(再次重申自己的观点,并且可以给出自己的建议)

 

Sample answer:

Going abroad for further study has become more of a trend as large numbers of students participate in international language tests, such as IELTS or TOEFL. Some academics advocate that an experience of learning in foreign countries is a necessary part of education for language betterment and language acquisition. As for me, however, such practice should be considered with discretion.

 

Admittedly, studying and living in another country can be an effective way to achieve the mentioned purposes. Compared with second-hand experience, living in the native environment can provide students with many opportunities to use the language to communicate with local people. Such language ability can make them be more competitive in the future job market. Meanwhile, living experiences can help students to have a deep insight into local life, including history, culture as well as religious belief.

 

However, it would be unrealistic if all students are encouraged to participate in it. First of all, considering students themselves, those who lack learning and adaptive ability may find it hard to integrate into local life and sometimes they will feel disappointed or even depressed because of culture shocks and language barriers. Tuition fees and life expenses can be another problem. Different from rich students, those who come from working-class families or needy families cannot afford such a big cost to study overseas. For example, studying in UK for one year may cost one student nearly 300 thousand, which is far from affordability.

 

To sum up, an experience of studying and living overseas can help students to speak good language and understand the local culture well. However, it is not a practical way for most ordinary families unless they make full preparations.

 

思路分析

Introduction:

Going abroad for further study has become more of a trend as large numbers of students participate in international language tests, such as IELTS or TOEFL.用较熟悉的事件引出背景Some academics advocate that an experience of learning in foreign countries is a necessary part of education for language betterment and language acquisition.(对于题目的改写)As for me, however, such practice should be considered with discretion.(在段落的较后,用一句话表明出自己的观点)

 

Body 1:

主题句:Admittedly, studying and living in another country can be an effective way to achieve the mentioned purposes.(其中mentioned purposes指的是题目中的掌握语言和文化,为了避免重复,改用其他方式来表达)

 

支撑论点部分:Compared with second-hand experience, (用了对比论证手法,强调国外生活与学习的好处)living in the native environment can provide students with many opportunities to use the language to communicate with local people. Such language ability can make them be more competitive in the future job market.(凸显对于语言的好处,使用了因果论证来说明语言的重要性) Meanwhile,(论点之间的连接词) living experiences can help students to have a deep insight into local life, including history, culture as well as religious belief. (论证了对于文化的帮助,使用including来举出文化的一些典型表现)。

 

Body 2:

主题句:However, it would be unrealistic if all students are encouraged to participate in it.(用however转折连接词引出与上段不同的看法,指出了一部分特殊的学生不利于海外学习,这样就体现出了逻辑上的缜密)

 

支撑论点部分:

  First of all, considering students themselves, those who lack learning and adaptive ability may find it hard to integrate into local life and sometimes they will feel disappointed or even depressed because of culture shocks and language barriers.(*个论点,指出语言能力差的学生不适合出国学习,使用的是因果论证)

 

  Tuition fees and life expenses can be another problem. Different from rich students, those who come from working-class families or needy families cannot afford such a big cost to study overseas. For example, studying in UK for one year may cost one student nearly 300 thousand, which is far from affordability.(第二个分论点,指出家庭经济条件不好的学生也不适合出国学习,用for example引出了典型的举例论证)

 

Conclusion:

To sum up,(段落结尾常见连接词) an experience of studying and living overseas can help students to speak good language and understand the local culture well. However, it is not a practical way for most ordinary families unless they make full preparations.(个人观点的重述加上适当的建议)

 

Some people think children should obey the rules their parents and teachers set and listen to them, but others think less control will help children to deal with their own future life. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

 

审题

题目翻译:有些人认为小孩子需要遵守和听从父母和老师指定的规则。然而另外一些人则认为对小孩少一点的限制会有利于他们更好的处理和解决未来生活中的问题。讨论两个观点并且给出你个人的看法。

 

能力考查:这个教育类话题是双边讨论的考试指令,考查学生是否能对于*所呈现的两个观点进行有效的论证及对比。这个题目中一般都会有标志性词眼,例如some people believe…, while others think…就这类题目的答题要点来说,我们会建议四段式结构,包括开头引入,两个观点的分别论证及结尾段给出你自己的看法。

 

题目关键词rules, parents, teachers

 

框架构造:

1. 开头段(用于引出两个观点所争论的内容)

2. 论证*个论点的合理性,即小孩子需要遵守和听从父母和老师指定的规则

3. 论证第二个观点的合理性,即对小孩少一点的限制会有利于他们更好的处理和解决未来生活中的问题

4. 结尾段(给出个人观点)

 

Sample answer:

In most Chinese families, it is common to find that parents and teachers play a dominant role in children’s lives, which means they have strict disciplines on children. While some people approve of this, others hold the opposite attitude that less control is more important in children’s future growth.

 

Those people who advocate of imposing rules on children have their own reasons. They may think that it is the most effective way for children to develop good behaviors at a very young age. In other words, these rules can help them to be good social members in the future. For example, much control on the use of computers and mobile phones is conducive to children’s physical and mental health. Also, learning how to be polite and respectful to others can be considered as an important skill in children’s future career, as they will inevitably get along with different people, such as colleagues or clients.

 

However, there are still some people thinking that too much control is not beneficial to children. Instead, parents and teachers should give them more freedom to decide their personal affairs; otherwise, they may heavily rely on these rules and may not be able to solve problems on their own. For instance, if children get used to obey their parents, they dare not to make any challenges in their future job, which is a fatal weakness to employers, who show their preference on those creative applicants.

 

My view is that imagination and independence are quite necessary for children if they want to be productive members in the society. As a consequence, instead of giving too much control, which deprives children of the chances to practice these skills, parents and teachers are advised to give children more support to take adventures.

 

思路分析:

Introduction:

In most Chinese families, it is common to find that parents and teachers play a dominant role in children’s lives, which means they have strict disciplines on children.(用我国家庭举例,引出题目背景) While some people approve of this, others hold the opposite attitude that less control is more important in children’s future growth.(重新改写了题目,但是没有发表观点,这部分观点的表达可以放在结尾段去重点描述)

 

Body 1:

主题句:Those people who advocate of imposing rules on children have their own reasons.(对于原题*论点的改写,指出规则对于小孩的重要性)

 

支撑论点部分:They may think that it is the most effective way for children to develop good behaviors at a very young age. In other words, these rules can help them to be good social members in the future.(解释论证) For example; much control on the use of computers and mobile phones is conducive to children’s physical and mental health.(举例论证1 Also, learning how to be polite and respectful to others can be considered as an important skill in children’s future career, as they will inevitably get along with different people, such as colleagues or clients.(举例论证2, 2个例子更加直观和有效地论证中心论点)

 

Body 2:

主题句:However, there are still some people thinking that too much control is not beneficial to children.(用however转折连接词引出与上段不同的看法,指出了另外一部分人的看法)

 

支撑论点部分:

Instead, parents and teachers should give them more freedom to decide their personal affairs; otherwise, they may heavily rely on these rules and may not be able to solve problems on their own.(用otherwise引出对比论证,体现出规则对于小孩的问题) For instance, if children get used to obey their parents, they dare not to make any challenges in their future job, which is a fatal weakness to employers, who show their preference on those creative applicants.(举例论证,引出创新在工作中的重要性)

 

Conclusion:

My view is that(用这个连接词来重点表达自己的观点) imagination and independence are quite necessary for children if they want to be productive members in the society. As a consequence, instead of giving too much control, which deprives children of the chances to practice these skills, parents and teachers are advised to give children more support to take adventures.(在结尾段亮明自己的态度)

 

总结:

通过上述两段文章的书写及分析,不难发现教育类文章的考题内容还是比较适合考生去作答的,但是要注意的是不同考试指令所需要的不同的答题技巧。另外,就段落论证而言,举例论证,对比论证及假设论证都是雅思作文中常用的论证手法,各位考生在后期备考雅思写作的时候可以尽量多地去尝试,做到在考场中能沉稳答题。


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