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雅思口语*想要的答案 IELTS Speaking

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Hi, guys. It's Keith from IELTSspeakingsuccess and I'm here to help you speak better English give better answers and get a higher score on the IELTS speaking test. So, today I'm gonna rock your world seriously.

嗨,伙计们。我是 IELTSspeakingsuccess 网站的基斯,我在这里帮助大家进步英语口语,给出更好的答案,在雅思口语考试中获得更高的分数。今天,我要震撼你的*。

Today you're gonna find out why the examiner asks the questions they ask in the IELTS speaking and what they're really listening for? If you're preparing for IELTS speaking, you've got to listen to this.

今天你将了解为什么*会问他们在雅思口语中提出的问题,以及他们真正在听什么。如果你在准备雅思口语,你得听听这个。

Let's get straight into it. Okay, so in part 1 and part 3 of the IELTS test, the examiner tends to ask the same kind of questions, doesn't matter what the topic is, the same kind of questions come up again and again.

我们直接进入主题吧。嗯,在雅思考试的*部分和第三部分,*倾向于问同样的问题,不管主题是什么,同样的问题一次又一次出现。

And I'm gonna show you what these kinds of questions are. Today, I'll be looking at part 1, but what's more important is why they ask these questions, okay.

我要告诉你这些问题是什么。今天,我们要看*部分,但更重要的是为什么他们问这些问题。

Take an example, right. In part 1, you may be asked "Do you cook?" Now, most students may think "Well, the examiner wants to know if I cook. Let me think. Oh, no, I don't. So, I'll just say no."

例如,在*部分,你可能会被问到“你做饭吗?”那么,大多数学生可能会想:“嗯,*想知道我做不做饭。让我想想。哦,不,我不做饭。那我就说不。”

Or maybe you think "Well, yes, ok. Yes, I do cook." Ok, the examiner doesn't want to know if you cook.

或者可能你在想:“嗯,做,我做饭。”好吧,*并不想知道你是否做饭。

He doesn't care or she doesn't care if you cook. What the examiner is really asking is can you talk about an activity, right, and can you use different tenses to talk about that activity, and are they the appropriate tenses, right.

他/她并不关心你是否做饭。*真正要问的是你能不能谈论一个活动,对吧,你能用不同的时态来谈论这个活动,它们是不是合适的时态。

So, actually, the examiner wants to see what you can do, how you can answer that question. So, the examiner may, in part one, ask you "Do you often cook?"

实际上,*想知道你能做什么,你怎么回答这个问题。*可能在*部分问你:“你经常做饭吗?”

"Does he mean, or she, mean cooking hot food? Does breakfast count? "I wonder if he's if they are asking about Eastern food or Western food or my local food."

“他/她是指煮热的食物吗?早餐算不算?”“我想知道他们问的是西方菜还是东方菜,还是本地菜。”

"I'm not sure what, what do they want me to say." That's the wrong question. It's not what should I say, it's what can I say .

“我不确定他们想让我说什么。”这是一个错误的疑问。重点不是我该说什么,二是我能说什么。

What, you know, the examiner is saying "Show me what you can say." So, here's another brief example, right, of what the examiner is looking for.

你知道,*的意思是:“让我看看你能说什么。”这是另一个简短的例子,关于*想要听到什么。

Typical question is "Did you do this as a child?" in part one, okay. It could be anything: Did you play a musical instrument as a child? Did you sing as a child? Did you cook as a child? Did you do something as a child?

在*部分,有一个典型的问题是:你小时会有做过这个吗?可以是任何事:你小时候玩过乐器吗?你小时候唱歌吗?你小时候做饭吗?你小时候做过什么吗?

What do you think the examiner is asking you? That's right. They don't care if you cooked.

你觉得*在问你什么?没错。他们不关心你是否做饭。

They want to know can you talk about something in the past. Now, that may be talking in the past: past habit, frequency in the past, may be connecting to the present.

他们想知道你是否能谈论过去的事。这可能是在谈论过去:过去的习惯,过去的频率,可能与现在有关。

But what can you talk about, talk about the past? "So, did you play an instrument as a child?" - "Yes, I played the violin. I used to play every day. I would practice on Tuesdays and Thursdays for about an hour."

但你能谈些什么,关于过去的什么?“你小时候玩乐器吗?” - “是的,我拉过小提琴。我过去每天都拉。我会在星期二和星期四练习大约一个小时。”

You see and the examiner's going. . . they're not thinking about "piano" or "Tuesday" or "Thursday", they're thinking "I played", past tense, "I used to play", past habit, "I would play every Tuesday", the use of "would" for a past habit. That's the language that they're processing, okay.

看,*要......他们并不是在想“钢琴”或“星期二”或“星期四”,他们在想“I played”,过去时,“I used to play”,过去的习惯,“I would play every Tuesday”,“would”的使用,表示过去的习惯。这是他们正在处理的语言。

The examiner doesn't just make up the questions, right. It's not "Oh, I'll ask you about your hobbies. I wonder what hobbies this person has."

*不会凭空编造问题。并不是“哦,我来问问你的爱好。我想知道这个人有什么爱好。”

"What hobbies do you have?" No, the questions come in the examiner's question book and they are created by Cambridge Assessment who do a lot of research into creating the questions, making sure they're reliable and valid and that they test what they want them to test.

“你有什么爱好?”不是的,这些问题都在*的考卷里,它们是由剑桥考评中心创建的,他们做了很多研究来创建这些问题,*它们是可靠的,有效的,并且测试他们想要测试的东西。

So, in addition to that, the British Council does a lot of research on the IELTS test on how it's taken, what the impact is, how it works, what the student journey is, if you like through IELTS. And all of this research and investment in research is to make the test as good as it possibly can be.

除此之外,英国文化协会还对雅思考试做了大量的研究,内容包括雅思考试是如何进行的,其影响是什么,其作用是什么,学生要考什么,他们是否喜欢雅思考试过程。所有的这些研究和对研究的投入都是为了使它尽可能的完善。

So, when it comes to asking questions, these are not random questions, they're specially chosen questions. So, let me explain a little bit why this is important.

所以,在提问环节,这些不是随机的问题,而是经过特别挑选的问题。让我解释一下为什么这很重要。

The questions are designed especially to be quite open, right? "Do you often cook?"

这些问题是特别设计的,非常开放,对吧?“你经常做饭吗?”

A very low level candidate could answer that and a band 9 could answer that, right? So, the questions, especially at the beginning, are very very open and easy.

一个水平非常低的考生能回答这个问题,而一个9分的同学也能回答这个问题,对吧?所以,这些问题,特别是在开始的时候,是非常开放和简单的。

That doesn't mean the answers have to be easy, okay? The answers can be as complex as you'd like, but the questions are deliberately open: Do you often cook? Do you often drive? Do you play an instrument? Do you use your mobile phone?

这并不意味回答也要简单,明白吗?答案可以很复杂,但问题是故意开放的:你经常做饭吗?你经常开车吗?你演奏乐器吗?你用手机吗?

All of these are very very open questions and they're designed to allow lower-level candidates to show language and higher-level candidates to show off language. That's the difference. Well, let me take that question: Do you often cook? and show you what different band students might say and how it's about what you can show off, okay.

所有这些都是非常开放的问题,它们的目的是让低水平的考生展示语言,高水平的考生秀出语言。这就是区别。嗯,我们用这个问题做例子:你经常做饭吗?然后给你们展示不同分数的学生会说什么,以及你可以秀什么。

Do you often cook? Band 1 student might say: Yes.

你经常做饭吗?1分的学生可能会说:是的。

A Band 2 student might say: Yes, I do. A bad 3 student may say: Yes, I often cook.

2分的同学可能会说:是的,我做饭。3分的同学可能会说:是的,我经常做饭。

A band 4 might say: Yes, I often cook. I cook in evenings. A band 5 might say: Yes, I love to cook, I usually cook most evenings.

4分的同学可能会说:是的,我经常做饭,我在傍晚做饭。5分的同学可能会说:是的,我很喜欢做饭,我通常在傍晚做饭。

A band 6 might say: Yes, I adore cooking. It's my favorite hobby and I'm usually the one who cooks in the evenings. And a band 7 might say: Yes, I absolutely adore trying my hand at different meals such as Italian, Spanish, even Chinese. You can usually find me knocking something up in the kitchen most evenings.

6分的同学可能会说:是的,我喜欢烹饪。这是我较喜欢的爱好,我通常在晚上做饭。7分的同学可能会说:是的,我非常喜欢尝试做不同的食物,如意大利菜,西班牙菜,甚至我国菜。大多数晚上你都能看到我在厨房里捣鼓着什么。

Can you see at different bands? You may be showing off different language and the more language you show off, the higher up you're going.

你看出不同分数的区别了吗?你秀出你不同的词汇,你秀得越多,分数就越高。

Now that doesn't mean you need to use three or four tenses in one answer, but across the whole test, you need to be showing a wide range of tenses grammatical structure and vocabulary. So, this is what the questions are about. They're giving you a door and saying "Show off what you can say in English."

这并不意味着你需要在一个答案中使用三到四种时态,而是在整个测试中,你需要展示各种时态的语法结构和词汇。这就是这些问题的作用。他们给你一扇门,并告诉你“秀一下你能用英语说什么。”

Keep it appropriate, right? So, if they say "Do you often cook?", you don't say "I will cook tomorrow", it's not quite appropriate for the context.

要回答恰当。如果他们问:“你经常做饭吗?”,你不要说:“我明天会做饭。”内容不恰当。

But you can say "Well, I used to cook a lot, but I don't cook so much nowadays", right, "I used to", past habit, "but I don't cook so much nowadays", present. That's absolutely fine, a good answer.

但你可以说:“嗯,我过去经常做饭,我但现在不怎么做饭了。”对吧,“I used to”,过去的习惯,“but I don't cook so much nowadays”,现在。这完全没问题,一个好答案。

Another worry some students have especially students who are well prepared and they know what questions come up in part one is they worry "what if I answer the next question?" So, the examiner asks me, well, "Do you drive?"

另一个担心是,特别是那些准备充分的学生,他们知道*部分会出现什么问题,他们担心“如果我回答了下一个问题会怎么样?”*问我:“你开车吗?”

Well, how much do I say? Because I know the next questions are "Do you often drive/Do you like driving/Did you drive as a child?" Drive as a child? Did you drive as a student, maybe.

So, if in the first answer, I say "Yes, I drive. I've I've been driving for 10 years and I love it."

我应该说多少内容呢?因为我知道下一个问题是“你经常开车吗/你喜欢开车吗/你小时候开车吗?”小时候开车?应该是“当你是学生时,你开过车吗?”如果在*个问题中,我的回答是:“是的,我开车。我有十年的驾龄,我喜欢开车。”

"Is that too much because I'm answering the next question?" Don't over think. Don't think about that at all, okay. It doesn't matter. Two things will happen.

“我会不会说太多了,因为我把下一个问题也回答了?”不要想得太多。别想这些,好吗。没关系。有两件事会发生。

One, either the examiner asks you the next question and so, you answer, or the examiner will skip that question because they've noticed you've already answered and they'll skip to the next question, which is fine.

In the first case, though, if the examiner goes to the next question but you've already answered it, now it's not that the examiner's stupid, right, and they're not listening, it's actually that they're testing you.

要么*还会问你下一个问题,然后你回答,要么*会跳过这个问题,因为他们已经注意到你已经回答了,他们会跳到再下一个问题,没事的。不过,在*种情况下,如果*还问下一个问题,但你已经回答了,那么,不是*愚蠢,或者他们没有听,而是他们在考验你。

So, if you say, for example, the question is "Do you drive?" "Yes, and I love driving."

例如,如果问题是:“你开车吗?”“是的,我喜欢开车。”

Then, the examiner may say, "Do you like driving?" Now, you may be tempted to say, "Eh, well yes, like I just said, I like driving." Okay.

然后,*可能问:“你喜欢开车吗?”你现在可能想说:“呃,是的,我刚说了,我喜欢开车。”好吧。

Don't do that, mainly because it's not very polite, but also because it's not showing off your language, remember? The goal is to show off your language. It's not very polite because you imagine, right, you're at a party and you arrive at the party and somebody introduces you to two or three, two or three people:

不要这样做,主要是因为这不太礼貌,也因为这不是在秀你的语言,记得吗?目的是秀出你的语言。这不太礼貌,因为你想象,对吧,你在一个聚会上,你到了聚会上,有人把你介绍给两三个人:

This is John. This is Jane. This is Sarah. "Hello, hello." And then you go and speak to one of them say, oh, you're going speak to Sarah, but you've forgotten the name "Oh, I'm sorry. I didn't catch your name."

这位是约翰。这位是简。这位是莎拉。“你好,你好。”然后,你去跟其中一个人聊天,你打算跟莎拉聊天,但你忘记了她的名字:“噢,抱歉。我记不起你的名字了。”

Now, does Sarah say "Eh, he just told you my name's Sarah"? Not really, not very polite, right? Sarah will probably say "Oh, that's fine, don't worry. Yeah, my name's Sarah and what was your name again?"

那么,莎拉会说:“呃,他刚刚告诉你啦,我叫莎拉。”她会这样说吗?不会,这非常不礼貌,对吧?莎拉可能会说:“噢,没关系。嗯,我叫莎拉,你叫什么来着?”

Different, very different. It's the same. So, if the examiner has just heard you say "I love driving" and then they ask you "Do you like driving?"

效果不一样,非常不一样。一样的道理。如果*听到你说“我喜欢开车”,然后他们问你“你喜欢开车吗?”

Well, you could say "Yes, I do. You know, I'm a big fan of driving, as I just mentioned, it's something I really get into and love doing." The difference is A: you're being polite making a good impression and B: you're showing off your language.

嗯,你可以说:“是的,你知道,我非常喜欢开车,正如我刚刚提到,这是我真正热爱的事情。”区别在于,*:你很有礼貌,给人留下好印象;第二:你在秀出你的语言。

It's a great opportunity to show different synonyms and different ways of talking about liking something because remember, they're not interested in whether you like driving, they're interested in can you talk about likes and liking something and how do you do that. That's the thing.

这是展示不同的同义词和谈论喜欢某物的不同方式的好机会,因为记住,他们对你是否喜欢开车不感兴趣,他们感兴趣的是你能否谈论爱好和喜欢某物以及你如何去谈。重点是这个。

Right? So, don't worry and don't think about speaking too much or answering the next question. It doesn't matter. Also, don't worry if the examiner seems a bit stupid by repeating questions.

对吧?所以,不要担心,不要怕说太多了或者把下一个问题都回答了。没关系的。而且,也不要担心*是不是太蠢了,在重复问题。

Either they've chosen to and they are testing you, testing your language, right, or they're just following the script. So in part one, the questions are scripted.

要么他们选择了这样做,他们在测试你,测试你的语言,对吧,要么他们只是照本宣科。在*部分,问题都是编好的。

The examiner has to ask those questions; they can't make up other questions. They can't follow the conversation.

*必须问那些问题,他们不能问其他问题。他们不能顺着对话说下去。

They can't say "Oh, that's interesting. Tell me have you ever. . ." No, because that's not the question. They have to use the questions in front of them, but they can skip some if they want.

他们不能说:“噢,真有趣。告诉我,你曾经......”不可以,因为这不是题目。他们必须提问摆在他们前面的问题,但如果他们想的话,可以跳过某些问题。

That's for part one Side note in part three is semi-scripted and they can ask some extra probing questions if they want, but that's another question for another day for another video.

这就是*部分。 第三部分的旁注是部分的,如果他们愿意,他们可以问一些额外的试探性问题,但那是另一个问题,下次视频中再讲。

Today I'm just looking at part one. So, I hope you can see that the questions are not about what you may think they're about.

今天我们要看的是*部分。所以,我希望你能明白,这些问题不是关于你可能认为是关于什么的。

They're about language and it's all about "show me what you can do". Again, an important point: don't try and cram in lots of complex language into every answer, but be aware over the fifty minutes of the test, you want to be, when possible, introducing more complex tenses, structures, clauses, vocabulary, and so on.

它们是关于语言的,都是关于“告诉我你能做什么”。同样,重要的一点是:不要试图在每一个答案中塞进很多复杂的语言,但是要注意在五十分钟的测试中,如果可能的话,你想要引入更复杂的时态、结构、从句、词汇等等。

So, that's it, and so here's a question for you. Write your answer down in the comments, actually two questions, bearing in mind what you've just learned.

就这样,有个问题要问你。把你的答案写在评论里,实际上是两个问题,记住你刚刚学到的东西。

Here's your two questions: Do you eat out a lot?

下面是两个问题:你经常在外面吃饭吗?

And did you eat out a lot as a child? Those are two questions.

你小时候经常在外面吃饭吗?这两个问题。

Write your answers in the comments below. I would love to hear from you now.

在下面的评论中写下你的回答。我想马上看看你们的答案。

Today, I've just covered a few questions of part 1. If you want to know all the different question types of part one and actually part three to really understand what the examiner is asking, all of this is in my online course IELTS Speaking Success: Get the Band 7+.

今天,我们讲了*部分的一些问题。如果你想知道*部分和第三部分的所有不同的问题类型来真正理解*在问什么,我的在线课程 IELTS Speaking Success: Get the Band 7+ 里面都有。

All the tips and strategies and understanding of what the test is really about is in there, full of model answers, full of practice for you. Go and check it out.

At the same time, if you liked the video, subscribe, turn on the notifications, and look out for the next one, where hopefully I'll be giving you lots of new things to learn to study, so you can get better English, better answers, and a higher score in the IELTS speaking test. Take care.

所有的小贴士、策略和对考试真正意义的理解都在里面,大量的参考答案,为你给了充分的练习。去看看吧。同时,如果你喜欢这个视频,请订阅,打开提示功能,并去查看下一个视频吧,希望你能从中学到一些东西,进步你的英语,答出更好的答案,在雅思口语考试中获得更高的分数。再见。


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