Do you want to find out how best to use model answers? Then, stick with me.
Hi! If you don't know me, my name's Keith and I run IELTSspeakingsuccess, helping you speak better English, give better answers, and get a higher score on the IELTS speaking test. So, I've decided to talk about model answers because I think they pose a lot of problems for students, as many problems as solutions, right?
嗨！如果你不认识我，我叫基斯，我运营 IELTSspeakingsuccess 网站，帮助你进步英语口语水平，作出更好的回答，在雅思口语考试中获得更高的分数。我决定谈一下标准答案，因为我认为它们给学生带来了很多问题，问题和解决方案一样多，对吧？
Model answers can be great, but here are the problems. Where do I find good model answers?
How do I know they're good? Does this model answer have enough band nine words and vocabulary?
There are so many. How do I learn all of these by heart? And if I don't learn them by heart, what do I do?
So, let's begin at the start, shall we? So, first of all, let's talk about good model answers.
So, I think you need to find a handful of good websites where you know the English is correct where the people running the site have experience of IELTS. Maybe they've been an examiner or a trainer and they give good quality model answers.
So, I'm gonna show you here four or five that I think are good. There may be others, but just stick with three or four that you think are the good ones.
So, here on this website, we have Liz, IELTS Liz. This has been around for a long time.
这个网站是 Liz，IELTS Liz。它已经存在很长时间了。
It's probably a website you're familiar with, but she has here some nice, well, a full speaking test with model answers. It's great because with SoundCloud, you've got the audio.
So, you can actually listen to what she's saying. And as well as that, you can see here the transcript, so you can read and listen at the same time.
It's a really good model to follow. So, that's great.
Here she talks about home, films, greeting. Goes on to the part two, model answer.
Again, you've got the audio; you've got the cue card; and you've got the whole transcript. So, can be really useful.
There's not a huge variety of model answers, but what's here is really good. Moving on next to simon, again, a website you may know, ielts-simon.
Some excellent stuff across all the skills. That with speaking what I like here is simon gives tips and advice on how to handle speaking, how to look at vocabulary as well as some written model answers here for the speaking.
Although it's written, he does it in a very colloquial and spoken way, so you've got good quality answers for the speaking. And let's move on to another one — IELTS buddy — also been around a while some excellent written model answers here.
Again, they're all written but they are written in a very colloquial and spoken way, but there's a huge variety, "pleasure", "trains". There's lots of material for you to work with here.
同样，它们都是书面的，但是它们是用非常口语化的方式写的，但是有很多种类，"pleasure"， "train "这里有很多材料可供你参考学习。
So, a very nice site to get model answers from. And another one here we've got Ben's IELTS Podcast which has some great stuff across all the skills.
这是一个给很好的标准答案的网站。另一个是 Ben's IELTS Podcast，内容涵盖了所有技能。
But speaking here is nice and I like it because Ben actually gives you the cue card and then starts analyzing the language. So, he points out the useful language for you and in the transcript, it's in bold, so it's clear, helps you focus on the right stuff.
And he does that with all of the cue cards. Here for part two, useful phrases and the transcript.
So, lots of stuff that helps you focus on the right area. And we've got IELTSspeakingsuccess which has some sample answers here about "burg", "watersport", "statue", "tell the truth".
有很多帮你专注于你应该专注的地方的东西。我们还有 IELTSspeakingsuccess，这里有一些关于“burg”、“watersport”、“statue”、“tell the truth”话题的示例答案。
So, quite new but some good stuff here I think. On part two, you've got the cue card, you have some ideas you may want to talk about, some advice on how to use this.
You've got the sample answer which is recorded, so you've got the audio and along with that, you've got the script. So, similarly here I also highlight the language you may want to focus on which is useful to learn.
So, you can listen and watch if you want, you can download the tape script as well. Sometimes there are YouTube cartoon or videos, so you can watch somebody, me, perform the part to model answer as well.
如果你愿意，你可以边听边阅读，你也可以下载录音的文本。还有些 YouTube 卡通或视频，所以你可以看某人，也就是我，演示标准答案的部分。
So, you have visual as well as audio as well as written. So a nice selection of model answers there you can also be working with.
Okay. Now, let's talk about the elephant in the room. The elephant in the room.
好吧。现在，让我们来谈谈 “the elephant in the room”。“The elephant in the room”。
That's the thing that nobody really wants to talk about. It's band 9 vocabulary.
So, here's the problem, right? Everybody talks about band 9 vocabulary.
But it doesn't exist. There is no such thing as band 9 vocabulary, okay?
A band 9 speaker will use "and", "but", "because", all of the same words that are band 1 or a band 2 speaker will use. Now, it's true for a band 7 and above, you need to use less common idiomatic vocabulary, less common vocabulary.
考九分的考生会用“and”， “but”， “because”等词，这些都是考一两分的考生会用的词。没错，对于七分或以上的考生，需要使用不太常见的习惯用语，不太常见的词汇。
So, yes, a band 8, 7, 8 and 9 needs to use the less frequent, may be unusual vocabulary. That's true. But it's, it's wrong to say that a word like "exacerbate" is a band 9 vocabulary, okay?
It doesn't, it's not, well, I don't know, I'm trying to say. It's kind of wrong to say "exacerbate", for example, or "pollution" is a band 9 vocabulary.
它不是，嗯，我不知道，我认为是这样。例如，说“exacerbate” 或 “pollution” 属于九分词汇就有点不对了。
The idea of band 9 vocabulary doesn't exist and it's really better for you to stop looking for it, okay? Because the biggest problem is if you take these fancy complicated words, and you can't use them correctly, and you do that again and again and again, you just make it very clear to the examiner that you're a band 5 or a lower level.
So, stop chasing the fancy words. Instead, look to slowly build up your vocabulary, collocation.
How the words go together, how to use them correctly within a grammatical structure, and how to understand the nuance or the connotation when that word is used. Focus on that with the words that you come across as you study and build and build and build.
That's the way to build better English and to get a higher score in IELTS speaking. Okay, let me show you a very simple example.
We have a band five student who comes across some words that they like, like "environment", "pollution", "exacerbation", "location", "smoke". And so they take these nice fancy words that somebody has told them are band nine words and they use them in a sentence and this is what they say:
"The environment pollution is exacerbating in my location, mainly due to too many car smoke." There, unfortunately, those fancy band nine words have produced language that is probably a band five.
“The environment pollution is exacerbating in my location, mainly due to too many car smoke.”不幸的是，用这些花俏的词汇造出来的句子可能是五分的效果。
And let's break this down, let's have a look why, okay? So, first of all, the environment pollution, well, that's not a good collocation.
We may say "air pollution", "noise pollution", "traffic pollution", but not "environment pollution". You can say "environmental pollution".
我们可以说 “air pollution”、“noise pollution”、“traffic pollution”，但不说 “environment pollution”。你可以说“environmental pollution染”。
And if the student had learned the word family: "environment", "environmental", the adjective, then, yes, that can be used, but not the "environment pollution". "is exacerbating", well, that's a really nice fancy word, but here in a spoken test, it may not be the best choice
如果学生学过这个词族：“environment” ，“environmental” 这个形容词，那么，是的，可以用，但不能用“environment pollution”。"is exacerbating" 这是一个很好的词，但是在口语测试中，它可能不是较好的选择
You could just say "it's terrible" or "overwhelming" or "too much". "Location" is a nice word, but we don't normally say in my location.
你可以说“it's terrible”、“overwhelming”或者“too much”。“Location” 是一个很好的词，但是我们通常不会说“in my location”。
You say "the place where I live". And then he says or she says "mainly due to too many car smoke".
你说 “the place where I live”。然后他/她说"mainly due to too many car smoke"
Well, first of all, "smoke" is non-countable, so it would be "too much car smoke". So, knowing the grammar.
首先，“smoke” 是不可数名词，所以应该是 “too much car smoke”。所以，要知道语法。
But "car smoke" is not the collocation, we talk "car fumes", not "car smoke". And then car fumes is countable, so it would be "too many car fumes".
但是“car smoke”不是搭配用语，我们说的是“car fumes”，而不是“car smoke”。汽车尾气是可以计数的，所以应该是“too many car fumes”。
So, a much better answer actually would be: "The air pollution is terrible where I live mainly due to too many car fumes." Now that is a better answer.
一个更好的回答应该是：“The air pollution is terrible where I live mainly due to too many car fumes。”这是个更好的答案。
You can't say it's a band 9 answer because there's no such thing as a band 9 answer. There's a band 9 performance across the whole test and all of the little building blocks help.
And this could be a building block in a band 9 answer or a band 8 or a band 7. It's part of the building blocks.
Now, also, I notice a lot of model students, no, a lot of students find model answers that are written on the Internet and so of course, they read them and they recite them and they try to memorize them. Of course, you can see the problem, right?
Is that, first of all, a written answer is more likely to be written English rather than spoken? Secondly, you don't pick up any pronunciation.
So, no word stress, no sentence stress, no connected speech, no intonation, you're missing all of that! And next, it's not going to be showing your fluency.
All it gives you is the vocabulary and the grammar which is kind of half the story really. So, I think with model answers, you really really need to look for audio answers.
Yes, you can have the written transcript, transcript and use both. So you can listen and read, so you can see the words but you can also hear the intonation and develop your fluency as well.
So, it's really important, I think, if possible, to use the audio when you're listening, analyzing, noticing and practicing. Notice I said "noticing" and I'm gonna come back to noticing in a few moments because it's the key to speaking better English.
Okay, another problem students sometimes ask me is: There are so many topics, so many answers. How do I memorize them all? Don't, don't memorize them all; don't memorize answers; don't even memorize sentences.
It's not helping you. Really, it's not going to help you because the examiner will notice it.
And memorized, reciting is a sign of a low level speaker. And so your score will come down because the examiner will know.
They would interrupt you. They will bring down your vocabulary score because you're showing limited flexibility and use of vocabulary and grammar in your memorized answer.
Also, when you recite, your pronunciation goes all weird and strange because you're citing. And again, it's very noticeable.
So, the quick answer is don't memorize answers. What you can memorize is the chunk or the phrase or the clause or the collocation, just two or three words normally.
Memorize that, yes, so memorize "air-pollution", memorize "it causes air pollution", yes, those are good things to memorize, but not the whole sentence, okay. So, how exactly do we use a model answer then?
记住这个，是的，记住 “air-pollution”，记住 “it causes air pollution”，是的，这些都是需要记住的东西，但不是整个句子。那么，我们如何使用标准答案呢？
So, this is what I think is a good way of using a model answer, right? So, first of all, you find a good model answer with an audio.
And then, you learn to pick out the useful things for you that you can learn, practice, and build better sentences with. And I'm gonna show you a couple of examples how to do that so you can then go ahead and do it.
So first of all, what you pick out. Well, I would start by picking out the the beginning of the sentence because that is normally your connector.
Sometimes, we call it a discourse marker. The connector is the signpost, kind of showing what you're gonna say next and also connecting your sentences.
Things like "first of all" or "I really think that", these, the start of the sentence, notice how that is done, so notice the connectors. Notice the collocations, so the words that go together.
像“first of all”或 “I really think that”这些句子的开头，注意它们是怎么用的，所以要注意关联词。注意搭配用语，也就是那些放在一起的词。
Notice phrasal verbs, so the verbs with a preposition that normally, sometimes idiomatic not always, so you know, put off the meeting, kind of idiomatic, to "delay the meeting". So, notice phrasal verbs, they're useful, okay?
注意动词短语，那些带介词的动词通常，有时，但不总是，是习惯用法，推迟会议习惯用语的是“delay the meeting”。注意动词短语，它们很有用。
And notice the grammatical use, so the grammar that surrounds the vocabulary. Let me do this with you on a very simple question-and-answer.
So, here's a question: Do you like wearing jeans? It's one of my favorite questions.
Do you like wearing jeans and why? So, do you like wearing jeans?
So, here is a possible answer, a model answer: "For sure, I wear jeans an awful lot because they're just so comfy and practical.
That said, I don't wear them in the summer so much, because it's usually too hot. I think they're more suitable for the cooler seasons."
So, how did I begin? So, notice, notice I say "notice".
The key to building and improving your English is to notice language. Don't just listen and passively let it come in, notice things.
So, let's notice the start of the sentence are used "for sure", "that said", "I think". These are nice connectors, a very quick answer, "for sure", "that said", which means "but" basically and "I think" and you'll find other examples of "I guess", "I suppose", "I reckon".
我们注意一下，句子的开头用了 “for sure”，“that said”，“I think”。这些都是很好的关联词，一个非常*的回答，“for sure”，“that said”，意思是“但是”，还有 “I think”，你会发现 “I guess”，“I suppose”，“I reckon”等其他例子。
All of them are good connectors. Secondly, notice the collocations, the words that come together.
For example, "an awful lot", which means "a lot", "really a lot", "an awful lot". "I wear jeans an awful lot".
例如，“an awful lot”，意思是“很多”、“a lot”、“really a lot”，“an awful lot”。“我经常穿牛仔裤”。
"Just so comfy", they are just so comfy, just so comfortable, just so nice. So that collocation, "just so" plus the adjective.
"Just so comfy"，它们太舒服了，太舒服了，太好了。所以搭配，“just so” 加上形容词。
"The cooler seasons", the cooler seasons, the warmer seasons, notice the collocation. Next, notice the grammar that surrounds them.
“The cooler seasons”，凉爽的季节，暖季，注意搭配。接下来，注意围绕它们的语法。
One that I notice here is "I don't wear them in summer so much". "I don't wear bah-bah-bah so much", "I don't wear ties so much", as you can see, "I don't wear. . . so much", simple present.
我注意到的一个语法是：“I don't wear them in summer so much.”“I don't wear bah-bah-bah so much”，“I don't wear ties so much”，就像你看到的，“I don't wear ties so much”，一般现在时。
But the "so much" is a slightly different but really useful grammatical structure. So, we've noticed collocations, sorry, so we've noticed the sentence start, collocations, the grammar, the grammar surrounding the vocabulary.
And all of these are things now to move on to in the next step and that is to start substituting. So, very simply, take the example repeat it, but substitute one of the words like this:
"I wear jeans an awful lot." "I wear striped shirts an awful lot."
"I wear glasses an awful lot." Of course, not all the time. "I wear slippers an awful lot at home."
"I wear, em. . . Oh I wear my favourite blue jacket an awful lot." Okay? Simple substitute, sorry, substitute practice.
Next, change the tense. Okay? Change the tense.
"I don't wear", that's not changing the tense, sorry but negating. "I don't wear ties an awful lot."
“I don't wear”，这并没有改变时态，抱歉，这是否定。“我很少打领带。”
"I don't wear shirts an awful lot." "I used to wear shirts years ago."
"I used to wear ties when I worked in an office." "I wore ties an awful lot before."
I wore hats, no, I wore a hat and a scarf an awful lot in the summer, in the summer in the winter when I was living in Manchester, okay? So, I'm just changing the tense.
So, we're practicing an awful lot, but actually, I'm struggling today, aren't I? Actually, we're secretly practicing the grammar.
Two birds with one stone. And now to really hardwire it into your head, make sure your examples are true for you.
Because now you have to think, not just repeat like a parrot. So, what do I wear an awful lot?
Okay I wear jeans an awful lot. It's true. I wear black socks an awful lot.
Nearly all my socks are black. I wear trainers an awful lot.
Great! that's it! So, by making it true for you, you're getting it hardwired in your brain.
And that is very very simple practice. But it's hugely effective and it really helps you build your sentences and build flexibility.
Because what make a band 7 and 8 is flexible use of the language, being able to manipulate it to change it to use it in different context. This is just the starting point, right?
You're at home, you've got your model answer, you're repeating and repeating. But it's the starting point and then you go out and you start practicing and speaking to other people and trying to use these new structures or collocations, right?
So, model answers or sample answers are fantastic because they give you the language in context. And that is so important, you can learn the language in context.
They can give you ideas as well and language you can practice so you can build flexibility and really work your way up to a band 7. That's it. Now, if you want the best sample answers that you can start practicing with, then click on the link below.
Thanks very much for watching. Take care. Byebye.